Abstract Hybrid organic-inorganic materials were synthesized from acid catalysed sols of tetraethyl orthosilicate, 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and titanium or zirconium alkoxides. The mechanical properties of these materials were measured in different conditions of preparation. The elastic modulus E was determined by a resonance method and by Knoop microindentation. After a thermal treatment at 125°C for 120 h, E was around 3–5 and 1–2 GPa for the samples synthesized with titanium butoxide or zirconium butoxide, respectively. An increase in E in the samples cured for longer times was observed. Knoop microhardness also increased with the heating time and was larger in samples synthesized from titanium alkoxides than zirconium alkoxides. The two methods gave results in good agreement when applied to samples treated for shorter times. In the other samples Knoop microindentation gave a larger value of E compared to the resonance vibration method. Hardness to elastic modulus ratio, H/E, was evaluated by Knoop microindentation. The elastic recovery at the longest heat treatment time was similar to that of soda-lime glasses. Fracture toughness was measured by three points flexural test, a KIc in the range of 0.4–0.5 MPa m1/2 was evaluated for samples treated during 168 h.

Mechanical properties of 3-glycidoxypropylmethoxysilane based hybrid organic-inorganic materials

MADDALENA, AMEDEO
2001

Abstract

Abstract Hybrid organic-inorganic materials were synthesized from acid catalysed sols of tetraethyl orthosilicate, 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and titanium or zirconium alkoxides. The mechanical properties of these materials were measured in different conditions of preparation. The elastic modulus E was determined by a resonance method and by Knoop microindentation. After a thermal treatment at 125°C for 120 h, E was around 3–5 and 1–2 GPa for the samples synthesized with titanium butoxide or zirconium butoxide, respectively. An increase in E in the samples cured for longer times was observed. Knoop microhardness also increased with the heating time and was larger in samples synthesized from titanium alkoxides than zirconium alkoxides. The two methods gave results in good agreement when applied to samples treated for shorter times. In the other samples Knoop microindentation gave a larger value of E compared to the resonance vibration method. Hardness to elastic modulus ratio, H/E, was evaluated by Knoop microindentation. The elastic recovery at the longest heat treatment time was similar to that of soda-lime glasses. Fracture toughness was measured by three points flexural test, a KIc in the range of 0.4–0.5 MPa m1/2 was evaluated for samples treated during 168 h.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2466064
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