OBJECTIVE: Anticalcification strategies of glutaraldehyde-fixed xenograft tissue aim to extract lipids or to neutralize toxic aldehyde residuals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of octanediol compared to standard treatments of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium in the subdermal rat model. Octanediol treatment is an ethanolic solution (40%) containing a long chain aliphatic alcohol (5% 1,2-octanediol) that removes lipids without diminishing the stability of collagen. METHODS: Octanediol and standard glutaraldehyde fixed bovine pericardium were both implanted in 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, explanted after 30-75 days (12 animals each) and submitted to X-ray (score 0-4), histology, electron microscopy and elemental analysis by spectroscopy (Ca and P content). Unimplanted octanediol and standard glutaraldehyde fixed pericardium served as control. RESULTS: At 30 days octanediol-treated pericardium showed calcium content of 0.20+/-0.1 vs 20.07+/-36.79 mg/g dry weight for standard pericardium. The difference was also evident at 75 days: calcium content of 2.36+/-7.38 mg/g dry weight for octanediol vs 165.61+/-23.35 mg/g dry weight for standard (p<0.0001). Differences were also detected at X-ray (mean score 0.7+/-0.6 octanediol vs 3.8+/-0.4 standard at 75 days). Equally, mean P content was 11.69+/-21.33 mg/g dry weight for standard vs 0.60+/-1.45 mg/g dry weight for octanediol samples at 30 days, and 90.90+/-12.61 mg/g dry weight for standard vs 1.42+/-4.34 mg/g dry weight for octanediol at 75 days (p<0.0001). At electron microscopy collagen appeared well preserved regardless of the type of treatment; in octanediol treated pericardium cell membranes almost disappeared and only few profiles of endoplasmic reticulum and rare mitochondria were visible. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with octanediol strongly prevents calcification of glutaraldehyde fixed bovine pericardium in rat subdermal model, even in the long-term. Evidence of octanediol efficacy may entail important implications for new generation bioprosthetic valves.

Octanediol treatment of glutaraldehyde fixed bovine pericardium: evidence ofanticalcification efficacy in the subcutaneous rat model.

PETTENAZZO, ELENA;VALENTE, MARIALUISA;THIENE, GAETANO
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Anticalcification strategies of glutaraldehyde-fixed xenograft tissue aim to extract lipids or to neutralize toxic aldehyde residuals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of octanediol compared to standard treatments of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium in the subdermal rat model. Octanediol treatment is an ethanolic solution (40%) containing a long chain aliphatic alcohol (5% 1,2-octanediol) that removes lipids without diminishing the stability of collagen. METHODS: Octanediol and standard glutaraldehyde fixed bovine pericardium were both implanted in 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, explanted after 30-75 days (12 animals each) and submitted to X-ray (score 0-4), histology, electron microscopy and elemental analysis by spectroscopy (Ca and P content). Unimplanted octanediol and standard glutaraldehyde fixed pericardium served as control. RESULTS: At 30 days octanediol-treated pericardium showed calcium content of 0.20+/-0.1 vs 20.07+/-36.79 mg/g dry weight for standard pericardium. The difference was also evident at 75 days: calcium content of 2.36+/-7.38 mg/g dry weight for octanediol vs 165.61+/-23.35 mg/g dry weight for standard (p<0.0001). Differences were also detected at X-ray (mean score 0.7+/-0.6 octanediol vs 3.8+/-0.4 standard at 75 days). Equally, mean P content was 11.69+/-21.33 mg/g dry weight for standard vs 0.60+/-1.45 mg/g dry weight for octanediol samples at 30 days, and 90.90+/-12.61 mg/g dry weight for standard vs 1.42+/-4.34 mg/g dry weight for octanediol at 75 days (p<0.0001). At electron microscopy collagen appeared well preserved regardless of the type of treatment; in octanediol treated pericardium cell membranes almost disappeared and only few profiles of endoplasmic reticulum and rare mitochondria were visible. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with octanediol strongly prevents calcification of glutaraldehyde fixed bovine pericardium in rat subdermal model, even in the long-term. Evidence of octanediol efficacy may entail important implications for new generation bioprosthetic valves.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2466316
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