The effect of vacuolating toxin (VacA) from Helicobacter pylori on endosomal and lysosomal functions was studied by following procathepsin D maturation and epidermal growth factor (EGF) degradation in HeLa cells exposed to the toxin. VacA inhibited the conversion of procathepsin D (53 kDa) into both the intermediate (47 kDa) and the mature (31 kDa) form. Nonprocessed cathepsin D was partly retained inside cells and partly secreted in the extracellular medium via the constitutive secretion pathway. Intracellular degradation of EGF was also inhibited by VacA with a similar dose-response curve. VacA did not alter endocytosis, cell surface recycling, and retrograde transport from plasma membrane to trans-Golgi network and endoplasmic reticulum, as estimated by using transferrin, diphtheria toxin, and ricin as tracers. Subcellular fractionation of intoxicated cells showed that procathepsin D and nondegraded EGF accumulate in lysosomes. Measurements of intracellular acidification with fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran revealed a partial neutralization of the lumen of endosomes and lysosomes, sufficient to account for both mistargeting of procathepsin D outside the cell and the decreased activity of lysosomal proteases.

Effect of Helicobacter pylori vacuolating toxin on maturation and extracellular release of procathepsin D and on Epidermal Growth factor degradation

MURGIA, MARTA;MONTECUCCO, CESARE;PAPINI, EMANUELE
1997

Abstract

The effect of vacuolating toxin (VacA) from Helicobacter pylori on endosomal and lysosomal functions was studied by following procathepsin D maturation and epidermal growth factor (EGF) degradation in HeLa cells exposed to the toxin. VacA inhibited the conversion of procathepsin D (53 kDa) into both the intermediate (47 kDa) and the mature (31 kDa) form. Nonprocessed cathepsin D was partly retained inside cells and partly secreted in the extracellular medium via the constitutive secretion pathway. Intracellular degradation of EGF was also inhibited by VacA with a similar dose-response curve. VacA did not alter endocytosis, cell surface recycling, and retrograde transport from plasma membrane to trans-Golgi network and endoplasmic reticulum, as estimated by using transferrin, diphtheria toxin, and ricin as tracers. Subcellular fractionation of intoxicated cells showed that procathepsin D and nondegraded EGF accumulate in lysosomes. Measurements of intracellular acidification with fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran revealed a partial neutralization of the lumen of endosomes and lysosomes, sufficient to account for both mistargeting of procathepsin D outside the cell and the decreased activity of lysosomal proteases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2467035
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