We report a novel mutation within the coagulation factor X (FX) that we have designated FX Padua 4. The phenotype and genotype of the proband and family members were studied. The proband was a child affected by a complex neurological syndrome who, after birth, experienced severe bleeding. The proband showed a laboratory pattern characterized by a severe reduction of FX activity and FX antigen, suggesting a true deficiency. Molecular analysis disclosed a new FX mutation localized in the catalytic domain responsible for a Cys(350)Phe substitution. The proband was homozygous for this mutation. The proband's mother and father showed a heterozygous pattern and had approximately one-half the normal FX activity and FX antigen. Residual purified FX Cys(350)Phe had an identical behavior to normal FX as showed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Molecular modeling confirms that the mutation leads to the disruption of a disulfide bridge in the catalytic region of FX. Comparison with other topologically equivalent mutations in other vitamin K-dependent proteins suggests that this disruption could adversely affect protein folding/stability, accounting for the cross-reactive material negative phenotype.

A novel type I factor X variant (factor X Cys350Phe) due to loss of a disulfide bond in the catalytic domain

VIANELLO, FABRIZIO;LOMBARDI, ANNA-MARIA;PALU', GIORGIO;GIROLAMI, ANTONIO
2003

Abstract

We report a novel mutation within the coagulation factor X (FX) that we have designated FX Padua 4. The phenotype and genotype of the proband and family members were studied. The proband was a child affected by a complex neurological syndrome who, after birth, experienced severe bleeding. The proband showed a laboratory pattern characterized by a severe reduction of FX activity and FX antigen, suggesting a true deficiency. Molecular analysis disclosed a new FX mutation localized in the catalytic domain responsible for a Cys(350)Phe substitution. The proband was homozygous for this mutation. The proband's mother and father showed a heterozygous pattern and had approximately one-half the normal FX activity and FX antigen. Residual purified FX Cys(350)Phe had an identical behavior to normal FX as showed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Molecular modeling confirms that the mutation leads to the disruption of a disulfide bridge in the catalytic region of FX. Comparison with other topologically equivalent mutations in other vitamin K-dependent proteins suggests that this disruption could adversely affect protein folding/stability, accounting for the cross-reactive material negative phenotype.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2467072
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