Ceramide is involved as a mediator of apoptosis induced by a variety of signaling molecules or stressful events, Ceramide-derived sphingosine 1-phosphate behaves as an antiapoptotic agent. The ganglioside GM1 is known to protect neuronal cell lines from apoptosis induced by serum/growth factor withdrawal and its effect is mediated in part by the direct activation of the trkA NGF receptor [G. Ferrari et al. (1995) J. Biol; Chem, 270, 3074-3080]. We show that GM1, similarly to sphingosine 1-phosphate, protects rat heart fibroblasts from apoptosis induced by the protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine and by C2-ceramide. Furthermore, we show that GM1 induces the synthesis of sphingosine 1-phosphate and that this effect is partially prevented by the sphingosine kinase inhibitor N,N-dimethylsphingosine. We conclude that the antiapoptotic action of GM1 is largely to be ascribed to an increased sphingosine kinase activity.

Ganglioside GM1 protection from apoptosis of rat heart fibroblasts

CAVALLINI, LUCIA;VENERANDO, RINA;MIOTTO, GIOVANNI;ALEXANDRE, ADOLFO
1999

Abstract

Ceramide is involved as a mediator of apoptosis induced by a variety of signaling molecules or stressful events, Ceramide-derived sphingosine 1-phosphate behaves as an antiapoptotic agent. The ganglioside GM1 is known to protect neuronal cell lines from apoptosis induced by serum/growth factor withdrawal and its effect is mediated in part by the direct activation of the trkA NGF receptor [G. Ferrari et al. (1995) J. Biol; Chem, 270, 3074-3080]. We show that GM1, similarly to sphingosine 1-phosphate, protects rat heart fibroblasts from apoptosis induced by the protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine and by C2-ceramide. Furthermore, we show that GM1 induces the synthesis of sphingosine 1-phosphate and that this effect is partially prevented by the sphingosine kinase inhibitor N,N-dimethylsphingosine. We conclude that the antiapoptotic action of GM1 is largely to be ascribed to an increased sphingosine kinase activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2467992
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