Background. In underweight elders, resting-energy expenditure (REE) and its relationship with fat-free mass (FFM) could be modified by sarcopenia, physical activity, and functional limitation. The aims of this study were to investigate REE and its relationship with quantity and metabolic activity of FFM and to evaluate the influence of functional status on REE in underweight elderly subjects. Methods. Forty-eight underweight elders (BMI < 20) and 54 normal weight elderly subjects (BMI 20-30) as a control group were selected. Body composition was determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). REE was measured by indirect calorimetry. Ability in activities of daily living (ADLs) was assessed by the Katz index. Results. Underweight elders had significantly lower FFM, FFM index (FFM/height2), and REE than healthy subjects. REE adjusted for FFM with analysis of covariance remained significantly lower in the underweight group (1287 ± 85 vs 1715 ± 139 kcal/day in men, and 1124 ± 63 vs 1366 ± 91 kcal/day in women). Katz index in the underweight group was inversely correlated with REE (r = -0.68; p < .001) even after removal of FFM, FM, and gender, by multiple regression analysis. In this model, FFM and Katz index together explained approximately 54% of REE variability. Conclusions. Underweight elderly subjects show a hypometabolism due to a reduction of both FFM quantity and its metabolic activity. Functional status in ADLs comes out as an important predictor of REE independently from FFM. The limited physical activity might be the underlying determinant of this hypometabolism, but further investigations are necessary to confirm this issue.

Influence of fat-free mass and functional status on resting energy expenditure in underweight elders.

SERGI, GIUSEPPE;INELMEN, EMINE MERAL;ENZI, GIULIANO
2002

Abstract

Background. In underweight elders, resting-energy expenditure (REE) and its relationship with fat-free mass (FFM) could be modified by sarcopenia, physical activity, and functional limitation. The aims of this study were to investigate REE and its relationship with quantity and metabolic activity of FFM and to evaluate the influence of functional status on REE in underweight elderly subjects. Methods. Forty-eight underweight elders (BMI < 20) and 54 normal weight elderly subjects (BMI 20-30) as a control group were selected. Body composition was determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). REE was measured by indirect calorimetry. Ability in activities of daily living (ADLs) was assessed by the Katz index. Results. Underweight elders had significantly lower FFM, FFM index (FFM/height2), and REE than healthy subjects. REE adjusted for FFM with analysis of covariance remained significantly lower in the underweight group (1287 ± 85 vs 1715 ± 139 kcal/day in men, and 1124 ± 63 vs 1366 ± 91 kcal/day in women). Katz index in the underweight group was inversely correlated with REE (r = -0.68; p < .001) even after removal of FFM, FM, and gender, by multiple regression analysis. In this model, FFM and Katz index together explained approximately 54% of REE variability. Conclusions. Underweight elderly subjects show a hypometabolism due to a reduction of both FFM quantity and its metabolic activity. Functional status in ADLs comes out as an important predictor of REE independently from FFM. The limited physical activity might be the underlying determinant of this hypometabolism, but further investigations are necessary to confirm this issue.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2468621
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