BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study aimed at elucidating the mechanism(s) of serotonin (5-HT) efflux induced by thapsigargin from human platelets in the absence of extra-cellular Ca2+. METHODS: Efflux of pre-loaded radiolabeled serotonin was generally determined by filtration techniques. Cytosolic concentrations of Ca2+, Na+ and H+ were measured with appropriate fluorescent probes. RESULTS: 5-HT efflux from control or reserpine-treated platelets--where reserpine prevents 5-HT transport into the dense granules--was proportional to thapsigargin evoked cytosolic [Ca2+]c increase. Accordingly factors as prostacyclin, aspirin and calyculin which reduced [Ca2+]c-increase also inhibited the 5-HT efflux. Thapsigargin, which also caused a remarkable increase in cytosolic [Na+]c, promoted less 5-HT release, in parallel to lower [Na+]c and [Ca2+]c increase, when added to platelet suspensions containing low [Na+]. The Na+/H+ exchanger monensin increased the [Na+]c and induced 5-HT efflux without affecting the Ca2+ level. The 5-HT efflux induced by both [Ca2+] or [Na+]c increase did not depend on pH or membrane potential changes, whereas it decreased in the absence of extra-cellular K+, and increased in the absence of Cl- or Na+. CONCLUSION: Increases in [Ca2+]c and [Na+]c independently induce serotonin efflux through the outward directed plasma membrane serotonin transporter SERT. This event might be physiologically important at the level of capillaries or narrowed arteries where platelets are subjected to high shear stress which causes [Ca2+]c increase followed by 5-HT release which might exert vasodilatation.

Characterisation of the serotonin efflux induced by cytosolic Ca2+ and Na+ concentration increase in human platelets

TURETTA, LORIS;DONELLA, ARIANNA;FOLDA, ALESSANDRA;BULATO, CRISTIANA;DEANA, RENZO
2004

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study aimed at elucidating the mechanism(s) of serotonin (5-HT) efflux induced by thapsigargin from human platelets in the absence of extra-cellular Ca2+. METHODS: Efflux of pre-loaded radiolabeled serotonin was generally determined by filtration techniques. Cytosolic concentrations of Ca2+, Na+ and H+ were measured with appropriate fluorescent probes. RESULTS: 5-HT efflux from control or reserpine-treated platelets--where reserpine prevents 5-HT transport into the dense granules--was proportional to thapsigargin evoked cytosolic [Ca2+]c increase. Accordingly factors as prostacyclin, aspirin and calyculin which reduced [Ca2+]c-increase also inhibited the 5-HT efflux. Thapsigargin, which also caused a remarkable increase in cytosolic [Na+]c, promoted less 5-HT release, in parallel to lower [Na+]c and [Ca2+]c increase, when added to platelet suspensions containing low [Na+]. The Na+/H+ exchanger monensin increased the [Na+]c and induced 5-HT efflux without affecting the Ca2+ level. The 5-HT efflux induced by both [Ca2+] or [Na+]c increase did not depend on pH or membrane potential changes, whereas it decreased in the absence of extra-cellular K+, and increased in the absence of Cl- or Na+. CONCLUSION: Increases in [Ca2+]c and [Na+]c independently induce serotonin efflux through the outward directed plasma membrane serotonin transporter SERT. This event might be physiologically important at the level of capillaries or narrowed arteries where platelets are subjected to high shear stress which causes [Ca2+]c increase followed by 5-HT release which might exert vasodilatation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2468641
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