The present paper reports on the fine mapping of the ACTN2 gene and on the reconstruction of its genomic structure. By radiation hybrid mapping, the gene was located about 912 cR from, the 1p-telomere, ACTN2 was placed between the marker WI-9317 (alias D1S2421) and the marker AFMA045ZC5, within the chromosomal band 1q43, The gene was detected in YAC 955_c_12, This YAC was used as template DNA. for long-distance and Alu-PCR, using a set of putative exonic primers, designed on the cDNA sequence of alpha-actinin-2, in order to characterize the ACTN2 intron-exon boundaries. The entire genomic structure of the gene was reconstructed. The ACTN2 gene contained 21 exons, in a segment spanning about 40 kb of genomic DNA. Only the proximal part of the gene shows a high conservation through evolution, whereas in the remaining part a divergence from the genomic organization of C. elegans and D, melanogaster was noticed. A series of intronic primers was specifically designed and produced, to amplify all the exons of ACTN2, directly from genomic DNA. This will enable mutation screening in patients affected with hereditary diseases linked to the marker CA4F/R, a polymorphism in the last intron of the alpha-actinin-2 gene.

Fine mapping and genomic structure of ACTN2, the human gene coding for the sarcomeric fisoform of alpha-Actinin-2, expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle.

TISO, NATASCIA;RAMPAZZO, ALESSANDRA;NAVA, ANDREA;DANIELI, GIAN ANTONIO
1999

Abstract

The present paper reports on the fine mapping of the ACTN2 gene and on the reconstruction of its genomic structure. By radiation hybrid mapping, the gene was located about 912 cR from, the 1p-telomere, ACTN2 was placed between the marker WI-9317 (alias D1S2421) and the marker AFMA045ZC5, within the chromosomal band 1q43, The gene was detected in YAC 955_c_12, This YAC was used as template DNA. for long-distance and Alu-PCR, using a set of putative exonic primers, designed on the cDNA sequence of alpha-actinin-2, in order to characterize the ACTN2 intron-exon boundaries. The entire genomic structure of the gene was reconstructed. The ACTN2 gene contained 21 exons, in a segment spanning about 40 kb of genomic DNA. Only the proximal part of the gene shows a high conservation through evolution, whereas in the remaining part a divergence from the genomic organization of C. elegans and D, melanogaster was noticed. A series of intronic primers was specifically designed and produced, to amplify all the exons of ACTN2, directly from genomic DNA. This will enable mutation screening in patients affected with hereditary diseases linked to the marker CA4F/R, a polymorphism in the last intron of the alpha-actinin-2 gene.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2468939
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