Abstract Several reports indicate that the risk of lung cancer increases slightly for a short period of time after cessation of smoking while the risk of adverse cardiovascular events drops immediately. Recent studies on subjects occupationally exposed to organic dust-containing endotoxin have revealed lower than expected rates of lung cancer. There is experimental evidence that stimulation of the immune system by endotoxin has a protective effect against cancer. Tobacco smoke has been shown to contain high levels of endotoxin. We therefore postulate that cessation of smoking eliminates the protective effect of endotoxin. Any benefit conferred by endotoxin does not, however, justify smoking. As the inverse relationship between exposure to endotoxin and the risk of lung cancer is a strong one, endotoxin-like substances could form the basis of vaccination strategies.

Elevated lung cancer risk shortly after smoking cessation: is it due to a reduction of endotoxin exposure?

MASTRANGELO, GIUSEPPE;BUJA, ALESSANDRA;
2005

Abstract

Abstract Several reports indicate that the risk of lung cancer increases slightly for a short period of time after cessation of smoking while the risk of adverse cardiovascular events drops immediately. Recent studies on subjects occupationally exposed to organic dust-containing endotoxin have revealed lower than expected rates of lung cancer. There is experimental evidence that stimulation of the immune system by endotoxin has a protective effect against cancer. Tobacco smoke has been shown to contain high levels of endotoxin. We therefore postulate that cessation of smoking eliminates the protective effect of endotoxin. Any benefit conferred by endotoxin does not, however, justify smoking. As the inverse relationship between exposure to endotoxin and the risk of lung cancer is a strong one, endotoxin-like substances could form the basis of vaccination strategies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2469353
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