Structural modifications introduced in 6-amino-quinolones to increase antiviral activity can strongly affect cytotoxicity to host cells. By competition to Tat-TAR complex and binding experiments to viral and cellular DNA and RNA structures, we show that the nature of the substituent at position 7 modifies drug affinity and specificity for the nucleic acid. Interestingly, the basicity of the above substituent modulates chelation of the quinolone template to magnesium ions, which, in turn, critically affects the potency and target selectivity in the antiviral quinolone family.

Antiviral 6-amino-quinolones: Molecular basis for potency and selectivity.

RICHTER, SARA;GATTO, BARBARA;PALUMBO, MANLIO
2005

Abstract

Structural modifications introduced in 6-amino-quinolones to increase antiviral activity can strongly affect cytotoxicity to host cells. By competition to Tat-TAR complex and binding experiments to viral and cellular DNA and RNA structures, we show that the nature of the substituent at position 7 modifies drug affinity and specificity for the nucleic acid. Interestingly, the basicity of the above substituent modulates chelation of the quinolone template to magnesium ions, which, in turn, critically affects the potency and target selectivity in the antiviral quinolone family.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2469684
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