There are few studies evaluating the prognostic impact on survival of treatment strategy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to analyse whether a multimodal approach, that represents a synergic association of different therapeutic procedures, may improve survival of patients with HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen patients with HCC were enrolled in the study. The multimodal approach was chosen for 27 out of 106 (25%) non surgical patients, 42 out of 81 (52%) patients who underwent liver resection and 19 out of 27 (70%) patients who underwent liver transplantation. RESULTS: The long-term survival of patients who underwent the multimodal approach improved significantly with respect to patients treated by both resection and other therapies alone. The 5-year survival rates were 52% vs. 11% (p < 0.05) in the non surgical group and 40% vs. 24% (p < 0.05) in the resection group when a multimodal approach was used for the treatment of recurrences. In patients with advanced HCC undergoing liver transplantation, multimodal treatment resulted in long-term survival comparable to that of patients with early HCC. CONCLUSION: A multimodal approach should be suggested in all patients with HCC, since a careful integration of surgical and non surgical treatments may improve long-term survival in such patients.

Multimodal approach and its impact on survival for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

CILLO, UMBERTO;Vitale A;LUMACHI, FRANCO;BOCCAGNI, PATRIZIA;BROLESE, ALBERTO;ZANUS, GIACOMO;
2003

Abstract

There are few studies evaluating the prognostic impact on survival of treatment strategy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to analyse whether a multimodal approach, that represents a synergic association of different therapeutic procedures, may improve survival of patients with HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen patients with HCC were enrolled in the study. The multimodal approach was chosen for 27 out of 106 (25%) non surgical patients, 42 out of 81 (52%) patients who underwent liver resection and 19 out of 27 (70%) patients who underwent liver transplantation. RESULTS: The long-term survival of patients who underwent the multimodal approach improved significantly with respect to patients treated by both resection and other therapies alone. The 5-year survival rates were 52% vs. 11% (p < 0.05) in the non surgical group and 40% vs. 24% (p < 0.05) in the resection group when a multimodal approach was used for the treatment of recurrences. In patients with advanced HCC undergoing liver transplantation, multimodal treatment resulted in long-term survival comparable to that of patients with early HCC. CONCLUSION: A multimodal approach should be suggested in all patients with HCC, since a careful integration of surgical and non surgical treatments may improve long-term survival in such patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2469727
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