Gold(I) compounds such as auranofin, chloro(triethylphosphine) gold(I), and aurothiomalate act on mitochondrial functional parameters by determining an extensive permeability transition and a decrease of membrane potential. On the contrary, pyridine nucleotides and glutathione are not modified, whereas a slight but significant decrease of total thiols is apparent. The effect of gold(I) compounds is essentially referable to the inhibition, in the nanomolar range, of thioredoxin reductase activity and to an increase of hydrogen peroxide production. Metal ions and metal complexes (zinc and cadmium acetate, cisplatin, tributyltin) are also good inhibitors of thioredoxin reductase, although in the micromolar range, and in addition, they act as inducers of permeability transition and of membrane potential decrease. At variance with gold(I) compounds, which appear to work almost exclusively on thioredoxin reductase, metal ions and complexes are less specific, since they are active on different mitochondrial targets, including the respiratory chain.

Effect of metal complexes on thioredoxin reductase and regulation of mitochondrial permeability conditions

SCUTARI, GUIDO;FOLDA, ALESSANDRA;BINDOLI, ALBERTO;RIGOBELLO, MARIA PIA
2004

Abstract

Gold(I) compounds such as auranofin, chloro(triethylphosphine) gold(I), and aurothiomalate act on mitochondrial functional parameters by determining an extensive permeability transition and a decrease of membrane potential. On the contrary, pyridine nucleotides and glutathione are not modified, whereas a slight but significant decrease of total thiols is apparent. The effect of gold(I) compounds is essentially referable to the inhibition, in the nanomolar range, of thioredoxin reductase activity and to an increase of hydrogen peroxide production. Metal ions and metal complexes (zinc and cadmium acetate, cisplatin, tributyltin) are also good inhibitors of thioredoxin reductase, although in the micromolar range, and in addition, they act as inducers of permeability transition and of membrane potential decrease. At variance with gold(I) compounds, which appear to work almost exclusively on thioredoxin reductase, metal ions and complexes are less specific, since they are active on different mitochondrial targets, including the respiratory chain.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2469815
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