Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection prevalence increases with age. In elderly patients, who often do not collaborate and who are affected by multiple pathologies, worldwide-recognised invasive and non-invasive methods (histology and Urea Breath Test) are not easy to apply. A new test based on the detection of Hp antigens in the stool (HpSA test) is now available. The aim of our study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test, and the interference of drugs (acid suppression, antibiotics) on test performance. Hp infection was detected by UBT, HpSA and histology in 122 hospitalised elderly subjects, divided into two groups according to therapy in the last month. Subjects were classified as being Hp-positive if two test results (histology and UBT) were positive, and Hp-negative if the same two test results were negative. The sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test compared with two tests (histology and UBT) were respectively 76 and 95%. In the group of patients who had not received drugs, the sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test were respectively 76 and 96%. Instead, in the group of patients who had received pharmacological therapy, sensitivity and specificity values were respectively 67 and 100%. HpSA-positive patients had received acid suppression for 9.2 +/- 8.9 days, and false-negative patients for 27.2 +/- 9.9 days. The HpSA test is simple, inexpensive, and non-invasive for Hp detection, especially in elderly subjects with no compliance. It is influenced only after several days by therapy common in the elderly.

Helicobacter pylori infection diagnosis in hospitalised elderly patients: the stool antigen test (HpSA) in comparison with other methods

INELMEN, EMINE MERAL;ENZI, GIULIANO;GASPARINI, GIULIA;SERGI, GIUSEPPE;MAGGI S.
2004

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection prevalence increases with age. In elderly patients, who often do not collaborate and who are affected by multiple pathologies, worldwide-recognised invasive and non-invasive methods (histology and Urea Breath Test) are not easy to apply. A new test based on the detection of Hp antigens in the stool (HpSA test) is now available. The aim of our study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test, and the interference of drugs (acid suppression, antibiotics) on test performance. Hp infection was detected by UBT, HpSA and histology in 122 hospitalised elderly subjects, divided into two groups according to therapy in the last month. Subjects were classified as being Hp-positive if two test results (histology and UBT) were positive, and Hp-negative if the same two test results were negative. The sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test compared with two tests (histology and UBT) were respectively 76 and 95%. In the group of patients who had not received drugs, the sensitivity and specificity of the HpSA test were respectively 76 and 96%. Instead, in the group of patients who had received pharmacological therapy, sensitivity and specificity values were respectively 67 and 100%. HpSA-positive patients had received acid suppression for 9.2 +/- 8.9 days, and false-negative patients for 27.2 +/- 9.9 days. The HpSA test is simple, inexpensive, and non-invasive for Hp detection, especially in elderly subjects with no compliance. It is influenced only after several days by therapy common in the elderly.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2471686
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact