BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In underweight elderly subjects it is important to estimate body composition and particularly fat-free mass (FFM). Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive method in determining FFM, but its usefulness in these frail subjects should be verified. The aim of this study is to verify in underweight elderly people the reliability of previously published BIA formulas in detecting FFM. METHODS: Fifty-seven hospitalized elderly subjects (27 males and 30 females) with body mass index <20 kg/m(2) were selected. In all subjects, FFM was detected by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Moreover, BIA measurements were performed at standard frequency (50 kHz and 800 microA) and FFM was derived using the main previous published BIA equations. RESULTS: In men, Kyle and Rising equations gave acceptable estimates of FFM with a mean error, respectively, of 1+/-1.9 and 1.4+/-1.7 kg. Also RJL formula could be used after adjusting for a correction factor. In women, no equation seemed sufficiently reliable to estimate FFM. CONCLUSIONS: BIA method seems useful to evaluate body composition in underweight elderly men but it seems to have intrinsic limits in women. Nevertheless, the variability in behavior of the different equations suggests to be careful in adopting BIA equations.

Body composition in underweight elderly subjects: reliability of bioelectrical impedance analysis

INELMEN, EMINE MERAL;SERGI, GIUSEPPE;COIN, ALESSANDRA;PERISSINOTTO, EGLE;BUSETTO, LUCA;ENZI, GIULIANO
2004

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In underweight elderly subjects it is important to estimate body composition and particularly fat-free mass (FFM). Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive method in determining FFM, but its usefulness in these frail subjects should be verified. The aim of this study is to verify in underweight elderly people the reliability of previously published BIA formulas in detecting FFM. METHODS: Fifty-seven hospitalized elderly subjects (27 males and 30 females) with body mass index <20 kg/m(2) were selected. In all subjects, FFM was detected by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Moreover, BIA measurements were performed at standard frequency (50 kHz and 800 microA) and FFM was derived using the main previous published BIA equations. RESULTS: In men, Kyle and Rising equations gave acceptable estimates of FFM with a mean error, respectively, of 1+/-1.9 and 1.4+/-1.7 kg. Also RJL formula could be used after adjusting for a correction factor. In women, no equation seemed sufficiently reliable to estimate FFM. CONCLUSIONS: BIA method seems useful to evaluate body composition in underweight elderly men but it seems to have intrinsic limits in women. Nevertheless, the variability in behavior of the different equations suggests to be careful in adopting BIA equations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2472094
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