This paper presents the first analysis of diffractive photon dissociation events in deep inelastic positron-proton scattering at HERA in which the proton in the final state is detected and its momentum measured. The events are selected by requiring a scattered proton in the ZEUS leading proton spectrometer (LPS) with x(L) > 0.97, where x(L) is the fraction of the incoming proton beam momentum carried by the scattered proton. The use of the LPS significantly reduces the contamination from events with diffractive dissociation of the proton into low mass states and allows a direct measurement of t, the square of the four-momentum exchanged at the proton vertex. The dependence of the cross section on t is measured in the interval 0.073 < \t\ < 0.4 GeV(2) and is found to be described by an exponential shape with the slope parameter b = 7.2 +/- 1.1(stat.)(-0.9)(+0.7)(syst.) GeV(-2). The diffractive structure function F(2)(D(4)) is presented as a function of x(P) similar or equal to 1-x(L) and beta, the momentum fraction of the struck quark with respect to x(P), and averaged over the t interval 0.073 < \t\ < 0.4 GeV(2) and the photon virtuality range 5 < Q(2) < 20 GeV(2). In the kinematic range 4 x 10(-4) < x(P) < 0.03 and 0.015 < beta < 0.5, the x(P) dependence of F(2)(D(4)) is fitted with a form (1/x(P))(a), yielding a = 1.00 +/- 0.09 (stat.)(-0.05)(+0.11)(syst.). Upon integration over t, the structure function F(2)(D(3)) is determined in a kinematic range extending to higher x(P) and lower beta compared to our previous analysis; the results are discussed within the framework of Regge theory.

Measurement of the diffractive structure function F2D(4) at HERA

GARFAGNINI, ALBERTO;BRUGNERA, RICCARDO;CARLIN, ROBERTO;LIMENTANI, SILVIA;STROILI, ROBERTO;VOCI, CESARE;
1998

Abstract

This paper presents the first analysis of diffractive photon dissociation events in deep inelastic positron-proton scattering at HERA in which the proton in the final state is detected and its momentum measured. The events are selected by requiring a scattered proton in the ZEUS leading proton spectrometer (LPS) with x(L) > 0.97, where x(L) is the fraction of the incoming proton beam momentum carried by the scattered proton. The use of the LPS significantly reduces the contamination from events with diffractive dissociation of the proton into low mass states and allows a direct measurement of t, the square of the four-momentum exchanged at the proton vertex. The dependence of the cross section on t is measured in the interval 0.073 < \t\ < 0.4 GeV(2) and is found to be described by an exponential shape with the slope parameter b = 7.2 +/- 1.1(stat.)(-0.9)(+0.7)(syst.) GeV(-2). The diffractive structure function F(2)(D(4)) is presented as a function of x(P) similar or equal to 1-x(L) and beta, the momentum fraction of the struck quark with respect to x(P), and averaged over the t interval 0.073 < \t\ < 0.4 GeV(2) and the photon virtuality range 5 < Q(2) < 20 GeV(2). In the kinematic range 4 x 10(-4) < x(P) < 0.03 and 0.015 < beta < 0.5, the x(P) dependence of F(2)(D(4)) is fitted with a form (1/x(P))(a), yielding a = 1.00 +/- 0.09 (stat.)(-0.05)(+0.11)(syst.). Upon integration over t, the structure function F(2)(D(3)) is determined in a kinematic range extending to higher x(P) and lower beta compared to our previous analysis; the results are discussed within the framework of Regge theory.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2472245
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 122
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 131
social impact