The crystallization and melting behavior of poly(3-butylthiophene) (P3BT), poly(3-octylthiophene) (P3OT), and poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (P3DDT) were studied. The equilibrium melting temperatures (Tm0) of these polymers were measured and resulted equal to 321, 230, and 175 °C for P3BT, P3OT, and P3DDT, respectively. The crystallization kinetics was evaluated by the Avrami equation:  it proceeds by heterogeneous nucleation with one-dimensional linear growth (n = 1.1−1.8). The effects of the length of the alkyl side chain and of the undercooling were investigated. Phase I, Phase II, and a nematic mesophase were detected in P3BT and P3DDT. In P3BT, Phase I was differentiable from the mesophase on the basis of wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) patterns. This study gives insight, in particular, on the crystallization and melting behavior of P3BT, a polymer not yet well studied. WAXS, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were employed as experimental techniques.

Crystallization and melting behavior of poly(3-butylthiophene), poly(3-octylthiophene), and poly(3-dodecylthiophene)

CAUSIN, VALERIO;MAREGA, CARLA;MARIGO, ANTONIO;
2005

Abstract

The crystallization and melting behavior of poly(3-butylthiophene) (P3BT), poly(3-octylthiophene) (P3OT), and poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (P3DDT) were studied. The equilibrium melting temperatures (Tm0) of these polymers were measured and resulted equal to 321, 230, and 175 °C for P3BT, P3OT, and P3DDT, respectively. The crystallization kinetics was evaluated by the Avrami equation:  it proceeds by heterogeneous nucleation with one-dimensional linear growth (n = 1.1−1.8). The effects of the length of the alkyl side chain and of the undercooling were investigated. Phase I, Phase II, and a nematic mesophase were detected in P3BT and P3DDT. In P3BT, Phase I was differentiable from the mesophase on the basis of wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) patterns. This study gives insight, in particular, on the crystallization and melting behavior of P3BT, a polymer not yet well studied. WAXS, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were employed as experimental techniques.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2472300
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