Silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) ceramic foams, produced by the pyrolysis of a foamed blend of a methylsilicone preceramic polymer and polyurethane (PU) in a 1/1 wt.% ratio, exhibit excellent physical and mechanical properties. The proposed process allows to easily modify the density and morphology of the foams, making them suitable for several engineering applications. However, it has been shown that, due to residual carbon present in the oxycarbide phase after pyrolysis, the foams are subjected to an oxidation process that reduces their strength after high temperature exposure to air (12 h 1200 C). A modified process, imploying the same silicone resin preceramic polymer but a much lower PU content (silicone resin/PU=5.25/1 wt.% ratio), has been developed and is reported in this paper. Microstructural investigations showed that carbon rich regions deriving from the decomposition of the polyurethane template are still present in the SiOC foam, but have a much smaller dimension than those found in foams with a higher PU content. Thermal gravimetric studies performed in air or oxygen showed that the low-PU containing ceramic foams display an excellent oxidation resistance, because the carbon-rich areas are embedded inside the struts or cell walls and are thus protected by the dense silicon oxycarbide matrix surrounding them. SiOC foams obtained with the novel process are capable to maintain their mechanical strength after oxidation treatments at 800 and 1200 C (12 h), while SiOC foams obtained with a higher amount of PU show about a 30% strength decrease after oxidation at 1200 C (12 h). # 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Oxidation resistant ceramic foam from a silicone preceramic polymer/polyurethane blend

MODESTI, MICHELE;COLOMBO, PAOLO
2001

Abstract

Silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) ceramic foams, produced by the pyrolysis of a foamed blend of a methylsilicone preceramic polymer and polyurethane (PU) in a 1/1 wt.% ratio, exhibit excellent physical and mechanical properties. The proposed process allows to easily modify the density and morphology of the foams, making them suitable for several engineering applications. However, it has been shown that, due to residual carbon present in the oxycarbide phase after pyrolysis, the foams are subjected to an oxidation process that reduces their strength after high temperature exposure to air (12 h 1200 C). A modified process, imploying the same silicone resin preceramic polymer but a much lower PU content (silicone resin/PU=5.25/1 wt.% ratio), has been developed and is reported in this paper. Microstructural investigations showed that carbon rich regions deriving from the decomposition of the polyurethane template are still present in the SiOC foam, but have a much smaller dimension than those found in foams with a higher PU content. Thermal gravimetric studies performed in air or oxygen showed that the low-PU containing ceramic foams display an excellent oxidation resistance, because the carbon-rich areas are embedded inside the struts or cell walls and are thus protected by the dense silicon oxycarbide matrix surrounding them. SiOC foams obtained with the novel process are capable to maintain their mechanical strength after oxidation treatments at 800 and 1200 C (12 h), while SiOC foams obtained with a higher amount of PU show about a 30% strength decrease after oxidation at 1200 C (12 h). # 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2473087
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact