A peculiar gland, the juxtatesticular body (JTB), ductless and consisting of follicles, had previously been discovered in males of two Opistognathus species (Teleostei, Opistognathidae). In this paper, we describe (1) the general morphology of the JTB in an additional two Opistognathus species, O. aurifrons and O. macrognathus, comparing it with that of the previously described species, and (2) the fine structure of the JTB of Opistognathus whitehurstii and O. maxillosus. Interspecific variability occurs both in the general organization of this gland and in the number of follicular cells. Fine structural analysis of the JTB, both in O. whitehurstii and O. maxillosus, reveals strong similarities with thyroid follicular cells, suggesting a similar pattern of synthesis and secretion. JTB follicular cells are arranged as a monolayered epithelium that surrounds a follicular lumen; they show a polarity in organelle distribution and membrane specialization typical of secreting cells. On the basis of their cytological and histochemical characteristics we propose that JTB follicular cells perform two major types of secretory activities: the secretion of a glycoprotein from the apical part of the cells into the follicular lumen and the endocrine, or paracrine, secretion of a still unknown substance(s) from the basal part of the cell either into the extrafollicular space or the blood or both. A hypothesis concerning the functional cycle of JTB follicle is also discussed.

The juxtatesticular body of Jawfishes (Teleostei:Opistognathidae):comparative morphology and fine structure.

RASOTTO, MARIA BERICA;MANNI, LUCIA
1995

Abstract

A peculiar gland, the juxtatesticular body (JTB), ductless and consisting of follicles, had previously been discovered in males of two Opistognathus species (Teleostei, Opistognathidae). In this paper, we describe (1) the general morphology of the JTB in an additional two Opistognathus species, O. aurifrons and O. macrognathus, comparing it with that of the previously described species, and (2) the fine structure of the JTB of Opistognathus whitehurstii and O. maxillosus. Interspecific variability occurs both in the general organization of this gland and in the number of follicular cells. Fine structural analysis of the JTB, both in O. whitehurstii and O. maxillosus, reveals strong similarities with thyroid follicular cells, suggesting a similar pattern of synthesis and secretion. JTB follicular cells are arranged as a monolayered epithelium that surrounds a follicular lumen; they show a polarity in organelle distribution and membrane specialization typical of secreting cells. On the basis of their cytological and histochemical characteristics we propose that JTB follicular cells perform two major types of secretory activities: the secretion of a glycoprotein from the apical part of the cells into the follicular lumen and the endocrine, or paracrine, secretion of a still unknown substance(s) from the basal part of the cell either into the extrafollicular space or the blood or both. A hypothesis concerning the functional cycle of JTB follicle is also discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2473595
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