Monofunctional hydroxy-terminated poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) was obtained by radical polymerization in the presence of isopropoxyethanol for protein surface modification. Superoxide dismutase was modified to various degrees by reaction with PVP-OH activated by 4-nitrophenyl chloroformate with high retention of enzymatic activity. All the polymer-enzyme conjugates showed increased body residence time after intravenous injection in rats with respect to the native enzyme. The residence time depended upon the number of bound polymer chains. PVP was found to affect the pharmacokinetic properties of the enzyme after subcutaneous, intramuscular and intraperitoneal administration. The antigenicity of superoxide dismutase was reduced to one third following modification, while its immunogenicity after intravenous, subcutaneous and intraperitoneal injection totally disappeared. The conjugates exhibited increased solubility in organic solvents and increased stability towards thermal denaturation, whereas changes in the structural properties were observed by circular dichroism measurements.

Physico-Chemical and Biological Properties of Monofunctional Hydroxy Teriminating Poly(N-Vinylpyrrolidone) Conjugated Superoxide Dismutase

CALICETI, PAOLO;SCHIAVON, ODDONE;MORPURGO, MARGHERITA;VERONESE, FRANCESCO;
1995

Abstract

Monofunctional hydroxy-terminated poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) was obtained by radical polymerization in the presence of isopropoxyethanol for protein surface modification. Superoxide dismutase was modified to various degrees by reaction with PVP-OH activated by 4-nitrophenyl chloroformate with high retention of enzymatic activity. All the polymer-enzyme conjugates showed increased body residence time after intravenous injection in rats with respect to the native enzyme. The residence time depended upon the number of bound polymer chains. PVP was found to affect the pharmacokinetic properties of the enzyme after subcutaneous, intramuscular and intraperitoneal administration. The antigenicity of superoxide dismutase was reduced to one third following modification, while its immunogenicity after intravenous, subcutaneous and intraperitoneal injection totally disappeared. The conjugates exhibited increased solubility in organic solvents and increased stability towards thermal denaturation, whereas changes in the structural properties were observed by circular dichroism measurements.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2473651
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