Syntheses of the [Lys(7)]- and [Hyp(6),LyS(7)]-dermorphin analogues in which either Tyr(5) or Hyp(6) are O-glucosylated are described. For comparison, the carbohydrate-free peptides have also been prepared. Structural investigations by FF-IR and CD measurements were carried out on the synthetic analogues and some preliminary pharmacological experiments were also performed. The biological potency of the glucosylated analogues was compared with that of the mu-opioid receptor agonist dermorphin in GPI preparations. Glucosylation of either Tyr(5) or Hyp(6) reduces the potency of both [Lys(7)]-dermorphin and [Hyp(6),Lys(7)]-dermorphin. The effect induced by the Tyr(5) glucosylation is quite strong and the potency of both peptides is reduced by about 150 times. A similar but less dramatic effect is induced by the glucosylation of the Hyp6 residue, and the potency of the parent peptide is reduced by about 15 times. The presence of acetyl groups on the sugar hydroxyl functions further reduces the agonistic potency of the glucosylated analogues. The analgesic potency of [Hyp(6),Lys(7)]-, [Hyp(beta Glc)(6),Lys(7)]- and [Try(beta Glc)(5),Lys(7)]-dermorphin were also tested in vivo by the tail-flick test. The glucosylated hydroxyproline-containing analogue is 8-10 times less active than the parent peptide, but its analgesic effect lasts significantly longer.

Novel glycosylated (Lys7)-dermorphin analogues: synthesis, biological actiovity and confromational investigations

BIONDI, LAURA;FILIRA, FERNANDO;GOBBO, MARINA;ROCCHI, RANIERO
2007

Abstract

Syntheses of the [Lys(7)]- and [Hyp(6),LyS(7)]-dermorphin analogues in which either Tyr(5) or Hyp(6) are O-glucosylated are described. For comparison, the carbohydrate-free peptides have also been prepared. Structural investigations by FF-IR and CD measurements were carried out on the synthetic analogues and some preliminary pharmacological experiments were also performed. The biological potency of the glucosylated analogues was compared with that of the mu-opioid receptor agonist dermorphin in GPI preparations. Glucosylation of either Tyr(5) or Hyp(6) reduces the potency of both [Lys(7)]-dermorphin and [Hyp(6),Lys(7)]-dermorphin. The effect induced by the Tyr(5) glucosylation is quite strong and the potency of both peptides is reduced by about 150 times. A similar but less dramatic effect is induced by the glucosylation of the Hyp6 residue, and the potency of the parent peptide is reduced by about 15 times. The presence of acetyl groups on the sugar hydroxyl functions further reduces the agonistic potency of the glucosylated analogues. The analgesic potency of [Hyp(6),Lys(7)]-, [Hyp(beta Glc)(6),Lys(7)]- and [Try(beta Glc)(5),Lys(7)]-dermorphin were also tested in vivo by the tail-flick test. The glucosylated hydroxyproline-containing analogue is 8-10 times less active than the parent peptide, but its analgesic effect lasts significantly longer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2473843
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