The first part of the present review deals with the chemical and enzymatic synthesis of adrenochrome and other aminochromes from the corresponding catecholamines. A description of the most significant pathways of formation and the reactivity of the aminochromes is presented. In the second part of the toxicity of aminochromes, mainly at the cardiac and CNS level, is described and some of the molecular mechanisms of the toxic action are outlined. The toxicity of the aminochromes appears to depend mainly on the production of reduced oxygen species through redox cycling. The interaction of aminochromes with sulfhydryl groups and the induced depletion of oxygen, ascorbate and glutathione are additional mechanisms resulting in noxious effects at a cellular level.

TOXICITY OF AMINOCHROMES

BINDOLI, ALBERTO;RIGOBELLO, MARIA PIA;GALZIGNA, LAURO
1989

Abstract

The first part of the present review deals with the chemical and enzymatic synthesis of adrenochrome and other aminochromes from the corresponding catecholamines. A description of the most significant pathways of formation and the reactivity of the aminochromes is presented. In the second part of the toxicity of aminochromes, mainly at the cardiac and CNS level, is described and some of the molecular mechanisms of the toxic action are outlined. The toxicity of the aminochromes appears to depend mainly on the production of reduced oxygen species through redox cycling. The interaction of aminochromes with sulfhydryl groups and the induced depletion of oxygen, ascorbate and glutathione are additional mechanisms resulting in noxious effects at a cellular level.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2475305
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