Annexins are a group of 12 highly conserved proteins which exert several regulatory functions on cell biology. There are involved in numerous cell processes including vesicle trafficking, calcium signaling, cell growth, division, and apoptosis. Autoantibodies directed toward annexin I, II, V and XI have been reported, but their role and their clinical correlates are controversial. Annexin I exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing the generation of inflammatory mediators and anti-annexin I antibodies were detected in patients affected with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic (SLE) and cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Annexin II and V have a high affinity for phospholipids playing a pivotal role in the regulation of coagulation cascade. Anti-annexin II and anti-annexin V antibodies were found in patients with arterial or venous thrombosis, especially in those with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) such as SLE, primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) or systemic sclerosis. Anti-annexin V antibodies were also found in patients with pregnancy loss with or without APS. Annexin XI is involved in several biological pathways, particularly apoptosis and cell proliferation. Anti-annexin XI antibodies have been found in patients with SLE, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome and APS. The metanalysis of studies published up to now showed that the Odds Ratio for having an ARD in anti-annexin XI positive patients was 5.08 (95% CI 2.06-12.58).

Anti-annexins autoantibodies: Their role as biomarkers of autoimmune diseases

IACCARINO, LUCA;GHIRARDELLO, ANNA;Zen M;PUNZI, LEONARDO;DORIA, ANDREA
2011

Abstract

Annexins are a group of 12 highly conserved proteins which exert several regulatory functions on cell biology. There are involved in numerous cell processes including vesicle trafficking, calcium signaling, cell growth, division, and apoptosis. Autoantibodies directed toward annexin I, II, V and XI have been reported, but their role and their clinical correlates are controversial. Annexin I exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing the generation of inflammatory mediators and anti-annexin I antibodies were detected in patients affected with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic (SLE) and cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Annexin II and V have a high affinity for phospholipids playing a pivotal role in the regulation of coagulation cascade. Anti-annexin II and anti-annexin V antibodies were found in patients with arterial or venous thrombosis, especially in those with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) such as SLE, primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) or systemic sclerosis. Anti-annexin V antibodies were also found in patients with pregnancy loss with or without APS. Annexin XI is involved in several biological pathways, particularly apoptosis and cell proliferation. Anti-annexin XI antibodies have been found in patients with SLE, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome and APS. The metanalysis of studies published up to now showed that the Odds Ratio for having an ARD in anti-annexin XI positive patients was 5.08 (95% CI 2.06-12.58).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2475507
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