Chronic HCV infection is one of the leading causes of end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide, and it constitutes one of the principal indications for liver transplant. However, recurrent HCV infection after liver transplant is nearly universal, and leads to decreased patient and graft survival in the long-term. Strategies to approach this problem that is commonly encountered in clinical practice include treating patients in order to obtain viral clearance before the transplant, pre-emptive treatment, which refers to therapy initiation before there is histological evidence of disease, and treatment for established recurrence. Therapy at these diverse time points poses varied challenges regarding the feasibility of the treatment, possibility of treatment completion, risk of adverse effects and different response rates. Furthermore, advances are being made in identifying prognostic markers of viral response, which could aid in decreasing the disease burden.

Antiviral treatment for HCV recurrence after liver transplantation: when, how much and for how long?

DE MARTIN, ELEONORA;Vitale A;Zanus G;RUSSO, FRANCESCO PAOLO;BURRA, PATRIZIA
2011

Abstract

Chronic HCV infection is one of the leading causes of end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide, and it constitutes one of the principal indications for liver transplant. However, recurrent HCV infection after liver transplant is nearly universal, and leads to decreased patient and graft survival in the long-term. Strategies to approach this problem that is commonly encountered in clinical practice include treating patients in order to obtain viral clearance before the transplant, pre-emptive treatment, which refers to therapy initiation before there is histological evidence of disease, and treatment for established recurrence. Therapy at these diverse time points poses varied challenges regarding the feasibility of the treatment, possibility of treatment completion, risk of adverse effects and different response rates. Furthermore, advances are being made in identifying prognostic markers of viral response, which could aid in decreasing the disease burden.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2476122
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