The inner membrane of the ATP-producing organelles of endosymbiotic origin, mitochondria, has long been considered to be poorly permeable to cations and anions, since the strict control of inner mitochondrial membrane permeability is crucial for efficient ATP synthesis. Over the past 30 years, however, it has become clear that various ion channels-along with antiporters and uniporters-are present in the mitochondrial inner membrane, although at rather low abundance. These channels are important for energy supply, and some are a decisive factor in determining whether a cell lives or dies. Their electrophysiological and pharmacological characterisations have contributed importantly to the ongoing elucidation of their pathophysiological roles. This review gives an overview of recent advances in our understanding of the functions of the mitochondrial potassium channels identified so far. Open issues concerning the possible molecular entities giving rise to the observed activities and channel protein targeting to mitochondria are also discussed.

Physiology of mitochondrial potassium channels

SZABO', ILDIKO';LEANZA, LUIGI;
2012

Abstract

The inner membrane of the ATP-producing organelles of endosymbiotic origin, mitochondria, has long been considered to be poorly permeable to cations and anions, since the strict control of inner mitochondrial membrane permeability is crucial for efficient ATP synthesis. Over the past 30 years, however, it has become clear that various ion channels-along with antiporters and uniporters-are present in the mitochondrial inner membrane, although at rather low abundance. These channels are important for energy supply, and some are a decisive factor in determining whether a cell lives or dies. Their electrophysiological and pharmacological characterisations have contributed importantly to the ongoing elucidation of their pathophysiological roles. This review gives an overview of recent advances in our understanding of the functions of the mitochondrial potassium channels identified so far. Open issues concerning the possible molecular entities giving rise to the observed activities and channel protein targeting to mitochondria are also discussed.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2478587
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 69
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 67
social impact