Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and release play a fundamental role in the control of different physiological processes, such as cytoplasmic Ca(2+) signalling, ATP production and hormone metabolism, while dysregulation of mitochondrial Ca(2+) handling triggers the cascade of events that lead to cell death. The basic mechanisms of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis have been firmly established for decades, but the molecular identities of the channels and transporters responsible for Ca(2+) uptake and release have remained mysterious until very recently. Here, we briefly review the main findings that have led to our present understanding of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis and its integration in cell physiology. We will then discuss the recent work that has unravelled the biochemical identity of three key molecules: NCLX, the mitochondrial Na(+)/Ca(2+) antiporter, MCU, the pore-forming subunit of the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake channel, and MICU1, one of its regulatory subunits.

After half a century mitochondrial calcium in- and efflux machineries reveal themselves

PIZZO, PAOLA;POZZAN, TULLIO
2011

Abstract

Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and release play a fundamental role in the control of different physiological processes, such as cytoplasmic Ca(2+) signalling, ATP production and hormone metabolism, while dysregulation of mitochondrial Ca(2+) handling triggers the cascade of events that lead to cell death. The basic mechanisms of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis have been firmly established for decades, but the molecular identities of the channels and transporters responsible for Ca(2+) uptake and release have remained mysterious until very recently. Here, we briefly review the main findings that have led to our present understanding of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis and its integration in cell physiology. We will then discuss the recent work that has unravelled the biochemical identity of three key molecules: NCLX, the mitochondrial Na(+)/Ca(2+) antiporter, MCU, the pore-forming subunit of the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake channel, and MICU1, one of its regulatory subunits.
2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2478673
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