The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a decellularization protocol on the structure and the mechanical behavior of small-diameter (<6 mm) tibial calf arteries and veins. Calf vessels were decellularized by a detergent-enzymatic method (DEM), partially hydrolyzed with trypsin and subsequently cross-linked using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether. Our results showed that i) the DEM can be considered a simple and valuable procedure for the preparation of complete acellular arteries and veins able to preserve a high degree of collagen and elastic fibers, and ii) poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether cross-linking treatment provides appropriate mechanical reinforcement of blood vessels. Histologically, the decellularized vessels were obtained employing the detergent-enzymatic procedure and their native extracellular matrix histoarchitecture and components remained well preserved. Moreover, the decellularization protocol can be considered an effective method to remove HLA class I antigen expression from small-diameter tibial calf arteries and veins. Cytocompatibility of decellularized cross-linked vessels was evaluated by endothelial and smooth muscle cell seeding on luminal and adventitial vessel surfaces, respectively.

Decellularized bovine reinforced vessels for small-diameter tissue-engineered vascular grafts

GRANDI, CLAUDIO;BAIGUERA, SILVIA;DALZOPPO, DANIELE;DI LIDDO, ROSA;CONCONI, MARIA TERESA;PARNIGOTTO, PIER PAOLO
2011

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a decellularization protocol on the structure and the mechanical behavior of small-diameter (<6 mm) tibial calf arteries and veins. Calf vessels were decellularized by a detergent-enzymatic method (DEM), partially hydrolyzed with trypsin and subsequently cross-linked using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether. Our results showed that i) the DEM can be considered a simple and valuable procedure for the preparation of complete acellular arteries and veins able to preserve a high degree of collagen and elastic fibers, and ii) poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether cross-linking treatment provides appropriate mechanical reinforcement of blood vessels. Histologically, the decellularized vessels were obtained employing the detergent-enzymatic procedure and their native extracellular matrix histoarchitecture and components remained well preserved. Moreover, the decellularization protocol can be considered an effective method to remove HLA class I antigen expression from small-diameter tibial calf arteries and veins. Cytocompatibility of decellularized cross-linked vessels was evaluated by endothelial and smooth muscle cell seeding on luminal and adventitial vessel surfaces, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2480430
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