Neurol Res. 2011 Dec;33(10):998-1009. Atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling in muscles of young athletes trained with vibrational-proprioceptive stimulation. Kern H, Pelosi L, Coletto L, Musarò A, Sandri M, Vogelauer M, Trimmel L, Cvecka J, Hamar D, Kovarik J, Löfler S, Sarabon N, Protasi F, Adami N, Biral D, Zampieri S, Carraro U. Source Wilhelminenspital, Wien, Austria. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of isokinetic (ISO-K) and vibrational-proprioceptive (VIB) trainings on muscle mass and strength. METHODS: In 29 ISO-K- or VIB-trained young athletes we evaluated: force, muscle fiber morphometry, and gene expression of muscle atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling. RESULTS: VIB training increased the maximal isometric unilateral leg extension force by 48·1%. ISO-K training improved the force by 24·8%. Both improvements were statistically significant (P⩿0·01). The more functional effectiveness of the VIB training in comparison with the ISO-K training was shown by the statistical significance changes only in VIB group in: rate of force development in time segment 0-50 ms (P<0·001), squat jump (P<0·05) and 30-m acceleration running test (P<0·05). VIB training induced a highly significant increase of mean diameter of fast fiber (+9%, P<0·001), but not of slow muscle fibers (-3%, not significant). No neural cell adhesion molecule-positive (N-CAM(+)) and embryonic myosin heavy chain-positive (MHC-emb(+)) myofibers were detected. VIB induced a significant twofold increase (P<0·05) of the skeletal muscle isoform insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) Ec mRNA. Atrogin-1 and muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF-1) did not change, but myostatin was strongly downregulated after VIB training (P<0·001). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression increased in post-training groups, but only in VIB reached statistical significance (+228%, P<0·05). DISCUSSION: We demonstrated that both trainings are effective and do not induce muscle damage. Only VIB-trained group showed statistical significance increase of hypertrophy cell signaling pathways (IGF-1Ec and PGC-1α upregulation, and myostatin downregulation) leading to hypertrophy of fast twitch muscle fibers. PMID: 22196751 [PubMed - in process]

Atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling in muscles of young athletes trained with vibrational-proprioceptive stimulation.

SANDRI, MARCO;ZAMPIERI, SANDRA;CARRARO, UGO
2011

Abstract

Neurol Res. 2011 Dec;33(10):998-1009. Atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling in muscles of young athletes trained with vibrational-proprioceptive stimulation. Kern H, Pelosi L, Coletto L, Musarò A, Sandri M, Vogelauer M, Trimmel L, Cvecka J, Hamar D, Kovarik J, Löfler S, Sarabon N, Protasi F, Adami N, Biral D, Zampieri S, Carraro U. Source Wilhelminenspital, Wien, Austria. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of isokinetic (ISO-K) and vibrational-proprioceptive (VIB) trainings on muscle mass and strength. METHODS: In 29 ISO-K- or VIB-trained young athletes we evaluated: force, muscle fiber morphometry, and gene expression of muscle atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling. RESULTS: VIB training increased the maximal isometric unilateral leg extension force by 48·1%. ISO-K training improved the force by 24·8%. Both improvements were statistically significant (P⩿0·01). The more functional effectiveness of the VIB training in comparison with the ISO-K training was shown by the statistical significance changes only in VIB group in: rate of force development in time segment 0-50 ms (P<0·001), squat jump (P<0·05) and 30-m acceleration running test (P<0·05). VIB training induced a highly significant increase of mean diameter of fast fiber (+9%, P<0·001), but not of slow muscle fibers (-3%, not significant). No neural cell adhesion molecule-positive (N-CAM(+)) and embryonic myosin heavy chain-positive (MHC-emb(+)) myofibers were detected. VIB induced a significant twofold increase (P<0·05) of the skeletal muscle isoform insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) Ec mRNA. Atrogin-1 and muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF-1) did not change, but myostatin was strongly downregulated after VIB training (P<0·001). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression increased in post-training groups, but only in VIB reached statistical significance (+228%, P<0·05). DISCUSSION: We demonstrated that both trainings are effective and do not induce muscle damage. Only VIB-trained group showed statistical significance increase of hypertrophy cell signaling pathways (IGF-1Ec and PGC-1α upregulation, and myostatin downregulation) leading to hypertrophy of fast twitch muscle fibers. PMID: 22196751 [PubMed - in process]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2481777
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