ale New Zealand rabbits were fed a high cholesterol (1%) diet for 8 weeks followed by a normal diet for 8 additional weeks. Rabbits on normal diet were used as controls. Serum cholesterol, elevated at the end of the cholesterol feeding period, returned to normal at the time of observation. Aortic wall lesions were severe and vessel wall cholesterol in the thoracic aorta was approximately 10 times the level in control animals. In vitro, thoracic aortic rings were used to measure contractile response to noradrenaline (NOR); no difference in response was found between normal and treated rabbits. Rings pre-contracted with NOR, were exposed to acetylcholine (Ach), ATP and NaNO2. Proximal and distal rings from normal animals showed a dose-dependent relaxation response to all agents, though maximal dilation occurred at an intermediate concentration of Ach. The rings from treated rabbits relaxed normally in response to NaNO2, but ATP relaxation was reduced in proximal and distal rings and Ach induced a contractile response. HPLC analysis of tissue extracts from aortic arch and distal thoracic aorta showed reduced ATP, ADP, GTP and GDP, and increased AMP. These changes resulted in a reduced energy charge and a reduction in total adenine nucleotides. The data indicate that cholesterol feeding, followed by normal diet, causes severe alterations of aortic vessel wall and that at an advanced stage of the diet-induced experimental disease energy metabolism and endothelium dependent vasodilation remain impaired even in the presence of normal serum lipids.

Cholesterol diet followed by normal diet alters functional and metabolic responses in rabbit aorta.

RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;CAPARROTTA, LAURA;
1990

Abstract

ale New Zealand rabbits were fed a high cholesterol (1%) diet for 8 weeks followed by a normal diet for 8 additional weeks. Rabbits on normal diet were used as controls. Serum cholesterol, elevated at the end of the cholesterol feeding period, returned to normal at the time of observation. Aortic wall lesions were severe and vessel wall cholesterol in the thoracic aorta was approximately 10 times the level in control animals. In vitro, thoracic aortic rings were used to measure contractile response to noradrenaline (NOR); no difference in response was found between normal and treated rabbits. Rings pre-contracted with NOR, were exposed to acetylcholine (Ach), ATP and NaNO2. Proximal and distal rings from normal animals showed a dose-dependent relaxation response to all agents, though maximal dilation occurred at an intermediate concentration of Ach. The rings from treated rabbits relaxed normally in response to NaNO2, but ATP relaxation was reduced in proximal and distal rings and Ach induced a contractile response. HPLC analysis of tissue extracts from aortic arch and distal thoracic aorta showed reduced ATP, ADP, GTP and GDP, and increased AMP. These changes resulted in a reduced energy charge and a reduction in total adenine nucleotides. The data indicate that cholesterol feeding, followed by normal diet, causes severe alterations of aortic vessel wall and that at an advanced stage of the diet-induced experimental disease energy metabolism and endothelium dependent vasodilation remain impaired even in the presence of normal serum lipids.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2481964
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