The electrical properties of a Nafion proton exchange membrane change dramatically when neutralized and then dopedwith a proton-conducting ionic liquid (PCIL). Broadband electric spectroscopy elucidates the molecular relaxation and polarization phenomena of neutralized Nafion (nN117) doped with triethylammonium methanesulfonate (TMS) and triethylammonium perfluorobutanesulfonate (TPFBu) ionic liquids.These data, coupled with those of part 1 suggest proton conduction mechanisms for both the pure PCILs and in PCIL-doped nN117. At 130°C, the PCILs have conductivities of σTMS=1.4x10-2 S/cm and σTPFBu = 9x10-3 S/cm, while correspondingly doped nN117 have conductivities of σNTMS = 6.1x10-3 S/cm and σNTPFBu = 1.8x10-3 S/cm. The pure PCILs show three interfacial polarizations associated with proton transfer mechanisms above themelting point. PCIL-doped nN117 also has three interfacial polarizations that depend on the nanostructure characteristics of the PCIL sorbed within the nN117 polar domains. Below the PCILmelting point, doped nN117 has two dielectric relaxations,αlpha and β, associatedwith dipolar relaxations involving both the sorbed PCILs and the ionomer matrix. The data indicate a long-range charge transfer process that occurs through proton exchange between cationic clusters. Segmental motion of the polymer chains and the molecular dimensions of the ionic liquid nanoaggregates mediate this charge transfer.

Influence of Anions on Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Neutralized Nafion 117, Triethylammonium Methanesulfonate, and Triethylammonium Perfluorobutanesulfonate. 2. Electrical Properties

DI NOTO, VITO;GIFFIN, GUINEVERE;LAVINA, SANDRA;
2012

Abstract

The electrical properties of a Nafion proton exchange membrane change dramatically when neutralized and then dopedwith a proton-conducting ionic liquid (PCIL). Broadband electric spectroscopy elucidates the molecular relaxation and polarization phenomena of neutralized Nafion (nN117) doped with triethylammonium methanesulfonate (TMS) and triethylammonium perfluorobutanesulfonate (TPFBu) ionic liquids.These data, coupled with those of part 1 suggest proton conduction mechanisms for both the pure PCILs and in PCIL-doped nN117. At 130°C, the PCILs have conductivities of σTMS=1.4x10-2 S/cm and σTPFBu = 9x10-3 S/cm, while correspondingly doped nN117 have conductivities of σNTMS = 6.1x10-3 S/cm and σNTPFBu = 1.8x10-3 S/cm. The pure PCILs show three interfacial polarizations associated with proton transfer mechanisms above themelting point. PCIL-doped nN117 also has three interfacial polarizations that depend on the nanostructure characteristics of the PCIL sorbed within the nN117 polar domains. Below the PCILmelting point, doped nN117 has two dielectric relaxations,αlpha and β, associatedwith dipolar relaxations involving both the sorbed PCILs and the ionomer matrix. The data indicate a long-range charge transfer process that occurs through proton exchange between cationic clusters. Segmental motion of the polymer chains and the molecular dimensions of the ionic liquid nanoaggregates mediate this charge transfer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2482100
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