Soil samples were suspended in a suitable aqueous solvent and a solid phase rnicroextraction (SPME) fibre was used to sample the headspace (HS) for five volatile chlorinated compounds (VOX). Their determination was made by GC-ECD technique in the splitless mode. Preliminary studies on the effects of methanol and of the sand/clay ratio on the fibre extraction were made. Four experimental factors, namely, extraction time, extraction temperature, pH and NaCl %. able to affect distribution of the analytes among the four different phases, were varied in suitable ranges. A multivariate approach applied to the face centred cube (FCC) experimental design, was used to try to optimise the overall sample response. The suitable set of factors found for the determination of chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethylene, 1.1,2-trichloroethane. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, was a compromise among the relevant optimal factor sets of the single analytes. Detection limits of 0.003 ng, 0,022 ng, 0,001 ng, 0,015 ng and 0,002 ng were found respectively for the five cited analytes. The method was successfully used to determine the analyte contents in two real soils sampled in an industrial area.

Headspace solid phase micro extraction GC-ECD determination of volatile organic chlorinated hydrocarbons in soils

PASTORE, PAOLO;FAVARO, GABRIELLA;BADOCCO, DENIS;
2005

Abstract

Soil samples were suspended in a suitable aqueous solvent and a solid phase rnicroextraction (SPME) fibre was used to sample the headspace (HS) for five volatile chlorinated compounds (VOX). Their determination was made by GC-ECD technique in the splitless mode. Preliminary studies on the effects of methanol and of the sand/clay ratio on the fibre extraction were made. Four experimental factors, namely, extraction time, extraction temperature, pH and NaCl %. able to affect distribution of the analytes among the four different phases, were varied in suitable ranges. A multivariate approach applied to the face centred cube (FCC) experimental design, was used to try to optimise the overall sample response. The suitable set of factors found for the determination of chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethylene, 1.1,2-trichloroethane. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, was a compromise among the relevant optimal factor sets of the single analytes. Detection limits of 0.003 ng, 0,022 ng, 0,001 ng, 0,015 ng and 0,002 ng were found respectively for the five cited analytes. The method was successfully used to determine the analyte contents in two real soils sampled in an industrial area.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2483757
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