Tropoelastin was purified from aortas of chicks grown on a beta-aminopropionitrile-containing diet. The preparation could be considered pure following the criteria of amino acid composition and gel electrophoresis. When aqueous solutions of tropoelastin (5 mg/ml) were warmed to 40 degrees C (physiological temperature for chicken) for 10 min, and observed by negative-staining electron microscopy, it revealed the presence of two kinds of ordered structures. One consisted of densely packed parallel filaments with a center-to-center distance of about 5 nm, and the other of banded fibers, 100-150 nm in diameter, with a cross periodicity of about 55 nm. In some areas the fibers appeared to be formed by lateral aggregation of 1.5-2-nm-thick microfilaments. The fibers were similar to those previously obtained with the synthetic polypentapeptide of elastin (Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly)n and degradation products of elastin at temperatures much higher than the physiological one. The results indicate that the property of tropoelastin to form ordered structures is intrinsic to some of the polypeptide sequences of the molecule and that hydrophobic forces are involved in the formation of the aggregates.

Banded fibers in tropoelastin coacervates at physiological temperatures.

BRESSAN, GIORGIO;CASTELLANI, INES;VOLPIN, DINO;
1983

Abstract

Tropoelastin was purified from aortas of chicks grown on a beta-aminopropionitrile-containing diet. The preparation could be considered pure following the criteria of amino acid composition and gel electrophoresis. When aqueous solutions of tropoelastin (5 mg/ml) were warmed to 40 degrees C (physiological temperature for chicken) for 10 min, and observed by negative-staining electron microscopy, it revealed the presence of two kinds of ordered structures. One consisted of densely packed parallel filaments with a center-to-center distance of about 5 nm, and the other of banded fibers, 100-150 nm in diameter, with a cross periodicity of about 55 nm. In some areas the fibers appeared to be formed by lateral aggregation of 1.5-2-nm-thick microfilaments. The fibers were similar to those previously obtained with the synthetic polypentapeptide of elastin (Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly)n and degradation products of elastin at temperatures much higher than the physiological one. The results indicate that the property of tropoelastin to form ordered structures is intrinsic to some of the polypeptide sequences of the molecule and that hydrophobic forces are involved in the formation of the aggregates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2483771
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