The present paper pertains to the definition of a numerical model of the calcaneal fat pad region, considering a structure composed of adipose and connective tissues organized in fibrous septae and adipose chambers. The mechanical response is strongly influenced by the structural conformation, as the dimension of adipose chambers, the thickness of connective septae walls and the mechanical properties of the different soft tissues. In order to define the constitutive formulation of adipose tissues, experimental data from pig specimens are considered, according to the functional similarity, while the mechanical response of connective tissue septae is assumed with regard to the mechanical behaviour that characterize ligaments. Different numerical models are provided accounting for the variation of chambers dimensions, septae wall thickness and tissues characteristics. The spiral angles of collagen fibres within the septae influence the capability of the structure to withstand the bulging of chambers. The analysis considers different orientation of the fibres. The response of calcaneal fat pad region is evaluated in comparison with experimental data from unconfined compression tests. The present work provides a preliminary approach to enhance the correlation between the structural conformation and tissues mechanical properties towards the biomechanical response of overall heel pad region.

A numerical model for investigating the mechanics of calcaneal fat pad region.

NATALI, ARTURO;FONTANELLA, CHIARA GIULIA;CARNIEL, EMANUELE LUIGI
2012

Abstract

The present paper pertains to the definition of a numerical model of the calcaneal fat pad region, considering a structure composed of adipose and connective tissues organized in fibrous septae and adipose chambers. The mechanical response is strongly influenced by the structural conformation, as the dimension of adipose chambers, the thickness of connective septae walls and the mechanical properties of the different soft tissues. In order to define the constitutive formulation of adipose tissues, experimental data from pig specimens are considered, according to the functional similarity, while the mechanical response of connective tissue septae is assumed with regard to the mechanical behaviour that characterize ligaments. Different numerical models are provided accounting for the variation of chambers dimensions, septae wall thickness and tissues characteristics. The spiral angles of collagen fibres within the septae influence the capability of the structure to withstand the bulging of chambers. The analysis considers different orientation of the fibres. The response of calcaneal fat pad region is evaluated in comparison with experimental data from unconfined compression tests. The present work provides a preliminary approach to enhance the correlation between the structural conformation and tissues mechanical properties towards the biomechanical response of overall heel pad region.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2484060
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact