The photochemical and photobiological properties of 4,8-dimethyl-5'-acetylpsoralen (AcPso), proposed for the photochemotherapy of some skin diseases, were investigated. The photoreaction of AcPso with DNA is weaker in the presence of air than in a nitrogen atmosphere, in terms of total photobinding and DNA cross-linking; when UVA irradiation is performed in air, AcPso behaves as a monofunctional reagent. The quenching effect of oxygen is related to the high capacity of AcPso to produce singlet oxygen. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that AcPso photoadducts are better producers of singlet oxygen than free AcPso in solution. Using DNA sequencing methodology, two modes of DNA photo-sensitization by AcPso are shown, these lead to the formation of photoadducts mainly at T residues (and at C to a lesser extent) and to photo-oxidized G residues probably via singlet oxygen. Chemical or enzymatic cleavage were used as probes in these experiments. A rapid assay for the detection of the photodynamic effect of a photosensitizer on DNA, involving oxygen, is also described. Finally, the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of AcPso on E. coli WP2 cells appear to be related to its ability to form photoadducts, in particular cross-links, rather than to its capacity to produce singlet oxygen.

Photochemical and photobiological properties of 4,8-dimethyl-5′-acetylpsoralen

CONCONI, MARIA TERESA;
1991

Abstract

The photochemical and photobiological properties of 4,8-dimethyl-5'-acetylpsoralen (AcPso), proposed for the photochemotherapy of some skin diseases, were investigated. The photoreaction of AcPso with DNA is weaker in the presence of air than in a nitrogen atmosphere, in terms of total photobinding and DNA cross-linking; when UVA irradiation is performed in air, AcPso behaves as a monofunctional reagent. The quenching effect of oxygen is related to the high capacity of AcPso to produce singlet oxygen. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that AcPso photoadducts are better producers of singlet oxygen than free AcPso in solution. Using DNA sequencing methodology, two modes of DNA photo-sensitization by AcPso are shown, these lead to the formation of photoadducts mainly at T residues (and at C to a lesser extent) and to photo-oxidized G residues probably via singlet oxygen. Chemical or enzymatic cleavage were used as probes in these experiments. A rapid assay for the detection of the photodynamic effect of a photosensitizer on DNA, involving oxygen, is also described. Finally, the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of AcPso on E. coli WP2 cells appear to be related to its ability to form photoadducts, in particular cross-links, rather than to its capacity to produce singlet oxygen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2484331
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