Spermine penetrates the mitochondrial matrix at significant rates which increase sharply and non-ohmically with membrane potential. In this respect, spermine uptake is qualitatively similar to that of other cations whose electrophoretic transport has been studied in mitochondria. At 200 mV and 1 mM spermine, the observed rate of spermine uptake was about 7 nmol x mg-1 x min-1, and the rate constant was about 8 times greater than that of tetraethylammonium cation. These rates are remarkably rapid considering that spermine is largely tetravalent at the pH of the experiment. The fluxes of spermine and tetraethylammonium are log-linear with membrane potential. The slope of the tetraethylammonium plot is consistent with leakage of this ion across a sharp Eyring barrier located in the middle of the membrane. The slope of the spermine plot is half that predicted by such a leak pathway, raising the possibility that spermine may cross the inner membrane by means of a channel. Whatever its mechanism of penetration, if comparable rates of uptake obtain in vivo and if spermine is not metabolized within the mitochondrial matrix, then a separate efflux mechanism would appear to be required to prevent unlimited spermine loading.

On the mechanism of spermine transport in liver mitochondria.

TONINELLO, ANTONIO;MIOTTO, GIOVANNI;
1988

Abstract

Spermine penetrates the mitochondrial matrix at significant rates which increase sharply and non-ohmically with membrane potential. In this respect, spermine uptake is qualitatively similar to that of other cations whose electrophoretic transport has been studied in mitochondria. At 200 mV and 1 mM spermine, the observed rate of spermine uptake was about 7 nmol x mg-1 x min-1, and the rate constant was about 8 times greater than that of tetraethylammonium cation. These rates are remarkably rapid considering that spermine is largely tetravalent at the pH of the experiment. The fluxes of spermine and tetraethylammonium are log-linear with membrane potential. The slope of the tetraethylammonium plot is consistent with leakage of this ion across a sharp Eyring barrier located in the middle of the membrane. The slope of the spermine plot is half that predicted by such a leak pathway, raising the possibility that spermine may cross the inner membrane by means of a channel. Whatever its mechanism of penetration, if comparable rates of uptake obtain in vivo and if spermine is not metabolized within the mitochondrial matrix, then a separate efflux mechanism would appear to be required to prevent unlimited spermine loading.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2488348
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