The decrease of steady-state transmembrane potential (delta psi) and loss of accumulated Ca2+ are magnified if palmitoyl-CoA is added to rat liver mitochondria exposed to Ca2+ and phosphate. The extent of this damage increases with increasing concentration of long-chain acyl-CoA. Addition of L-carnitine with or without the addition of palmitoyl-CoA considerably delays the deenergization. In the latter case, there is a substantial decrease in the assayed endogenous long-chain acyl-CoA content. This protective action of L-carnitine is abolished by L-aminocarnitine, a powerful inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase (palmitoyl-CoA: L-carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.21.). The removal of Ca2+ by EGTA, or the inhibition of its uptake by Ruthenium red or Mg2+ further enhances the degree of protection.

Ca2+-mediated action of long-chain acyl-CoA on liver mitochondria energy-linked processes.

DI LISA, FABIO;MIOTTO, GIOVANNI;
1989

Abstract

The decrease of steady-state transmembrane potential (delta psi) and loss of accumulated Ca2+ are magnified if palmitoyl-CoA is added to rat liver mitochondria exposed to Ca2+ and phosphate. The extent of this damage increases with increasing concentration of long-chain acyl-CoA. Addition of L-carnitine with or without the addition of palmitoyl-CoA considerably delays the deenergization. In the latter case, there is a substantial decrease in the assayed endogenous long-chain acyl-CoA content. This protective action of L-carnitine is abolished by L-aminocarnitine, a powerful inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase (palmitoyl-CoA: L-carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.21.). The removal of Ca2+ by EGTA, or the inhibition of its uptake by Ruthenium red or Mg2+ further enhances the degree of protection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2488353
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