Abstract 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) increases factor VIII (FVIII) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels in patients with haemophilia A and in some patients with von Willebrand disease. It is generally held that the increase of FVIII is a consequence of the increase of vWF. Carriers of haemophilia A generally, but not always, show plasma FVIII levels lower than vWF due to an abnormality in one of the two alleles of the FVIII gene. We investigated the time-course of plasma FVIII:C and vWF:Ag levels in 25 obligate carriers of haemophilia A after DDAVP infusion. In carriers with a normal FVIII to vWF ratio (> 0.8), DDAVP induced a progressive ratio decrease that reached levels significantly lower than that taken as cut-off to discriminate between low and normal values (0.68 +/- 0.1 vs before 0.912 +/- 0.18). In carriers with a borderline (0.7-0.8) or reduced (< 0.7) ratio DDAVP induced a further decrease in the FVIII/vWF ratio, albeit with a different kinetic; after an initial increase, values were lower than pre-DDAVP figures. In all subjects, following the post-DDAVP peak, plasma FVIII progressively decreased while vWF contemporaneously continued to increase. In contrast, DDAVP did not induce significant changes in the FVIII/vWF ratio in normal females, and the two molecules appeared to increase similarly throughout the observation period. These findings indicate that after DDAVP, FVIII increases less or for a shorter time than vWF, also in haemophilia A carriers who have a normal FVIII/vWF ratio. Hence, DDAVP may help identify haemophilia A carriers, especially subjects with normal or borderline ratios. Even though molecular biology procedures at present are the best and more reliable tools to identify the carrier state, DDAVP seems to improve the accuracy of haemostatic parameters.

DDAVP infusion in haemophilia A carriers: different behaviour of plasma factor VIII and von Willebrand factor.

CASONATO, SANDRA;PONTARA, ELENA;BERTOMORO, ANTONELLA;GIROLAMI, ANTONIO
1996

Abstract

Abstract 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) increases factor VIII (FVIII) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels in patients with haemophilia A and in some patients with von Willebrand disease. It is generally held that the increase of FVIII is a consequence of the increase of vWF. Carriers of haemophilia A generally, but not always, show plasma FVIII levels lower than vWF due to an abnormality in one of the two alleles of the FVIII gene. We investigated the time-course of plasma FVIII:C and vWF:Ag levels in 25 obligate carriers of haemophilia A after DDAVP infusion. In carriers with a normal FVIII to vWF ratio (> 0.8), DDAVP induced a progressive ratio decrease that reached levels significantly lower than that taken as cut-off to discriminate between low and normal values (0.68 +/- 0.1 vs before 0.912 +/- 0.18). In carriers with a borderline (0.7-0.8) or reduced (< 0.7) ratio DDAVP induced a further decrease in the FVIII/vWF ratio, albeit with a different kinetic; after an initial increase, values were lower than pre-DDAVP figures. In all subjects, following the post-DDAVP peak, plasma FVIII progressively decreased while vWF contemporaneously continued to increase. In contrast, DDAVP did not induce significant changes in the FVIII/vWF ratio in normal females, and the two molecules appeared to increase similarly throughout the observation period. These findings indicate that after DDAVP, FVIII increases less or for a shorter time than vWF, also in haemophilia A carriers who have a normal FVIII/vWF ratio. Hence, DDAVP may help identify haemophilia A carriers, especially subjects with normal or borderline ratios. Even though molecular biology procedures at present are the best and more reliable tools to identify the carrier state, DDAVP seems to improve the accuracy of haemostatic parameters.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2488581
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