The acute simultaneous release of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) from endothelial cells in response to a variety of agonists including thrombin, DDAVP, histamine and adrenalin has been described. In the present study we investigated the effect of venous occlusion on the circulating levels of t-PA and vWF, as well as the molecular organization of vWF in 20 normal subjects. After occlusion a significant increase in plasma t-PA levels was observed even after the values were corrected for haemoconcentration. Venous occlusion also enhanced plasma vWF values, but the increase was abolished when the correction for haemoconcentration was introduced. Following venous occlusion, no circulating abnormally large vWF multimers were detected in the subjects studied. These forms are normally not present in the circulation and are released from endothelial cells through the regulated vWF pathway; their absence therefore seems to demonstrate that this pathway is not activated after venous occlusion. Since occlusion does not enhance vWF synthesis, the increase in vWF observed in the subjects investigated may be fully attributed to haemoconcentration.

Demonstration that venous occlusion fails to release von Willebrand factor multimers.

CASONATO, SANDRA;PONTARA, ELENA;BERTOMORO, ANTONELLA;GIROLAMI, ANTONIO
1995

Abstract

The acute simultaneous release of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) from endothelial cells in response to a variety of agonists including thrombin, DDAVP, histamine and adrenalin has been described. In the present study we investigated the effect of venous occlusion on the circulating levels of t-PA and vWF, as well as the molecular organization of vWF in 20 normal subjects. After occlusion a significant increase in plasma t-PA levels was observed even after the values were corrected for haemoconcentration. Venous occlusion also enhanced plasma vWF values, but the increase was abolished when the correction for haemoconcentration was introduced. Following venous occlusion, no circulating abnormally large vWF multimers were detected in the subjects studied. These forms are normally not present in the circulation and are released from endothelial cells through the regulated vWF pathway; their absence therefore seems to demonstrate that this pathway is not activated after venous occlusion. Since occlusion does not enhance vWF synthesis, the increase in vWF observed in the subjects investigated may be fully attributed to haemoconcentration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2488595
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