The aim of this study was to investigate apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apo B, lipoprotein (Lp) (a), HDL-cholesterol (C), LDL-C, triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) values in the serum and synovial fluid (SF) of untreated rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. METHODS: Paired SF and serum samples were collected simultaneously from 14 patients with RA, 14 with PsA, and 16 with OA and tested for apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, LDL-C, Lp(a), TC and TG. Serum C reactive protein (CRP) and amyloid A (SAA) levels were also determined. RESULTS: The inflammatory arthritis patients had higher SF lipid levels with the exception of HDL. Reflecting increased synovial permeability, the lipid SF/serum ratio was always higher in RA and PsA with respect to OA patients. The positive correlation between serum and SF apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, TG, and Lp(a) levels confirmed that there is lipoprotein diffusion into the SF. RA and PsA patients had lower concentrations of all serum lipids except for Lp(a) with respect to OA patients. The levels in the RA patients were similar to those in healthy matched controls, while the PsA patients had significantly lower apo A-I and HDL levels and higher apo B and LDL values. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid diffusion into the joint cavity, which largely depends on the degree of inflammation, may contribute to modulating local inflammatory processes.

A comparative study of serum and synovial fluid lipoprotein levels in patients with various arthritides.

OLIVIERO, FRANCESCA
;
LO NIGRO, ALESSANDRO;BERNARDI, DANIELA;GIUNCO, SILVIA;BALDO, GORETTA;SCANU, ANNA;SFRISO, PAOLO;RAMONDA, ROBERTA;PLEBANI, MARIO;PUNZI, LEONARDO
2012

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apo B, lipoprotein (Lp) (a), HDL-cholesterol (C), LDL-C, triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) values in the serum and synovial fluid (SF) of untreated rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. METHODS: Paired SF and serum samples were collected simultaneously from 14 patients with RA, 14 with PsA, and 16 with OA and tested for apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, LDL-C, Lp(a), TC and TG. Serum C reactive protein (CRP) and amyloid A (SAA) levels were also determined. RESULTS: The inflammatory arthritis patients had higher SF lipid levels with the exception of HDL. Reflecting increased synovial permeability, the lipid SF/serum ratio was always higher in RA and PsA with respect to OA patients. The positive correlation between serum and SF apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, TG, and Lp(a) levels confirmed that there is lipoprotein diffusion into the SF. RA and PsA patients had lower concentrations of all serum lipids except for Lp(a) with respect to OA patients. The levels in the RA patients were similar to those in healthy matched controls, while the PsA patients had significantly lower apo A-I and HDL levels and higher apo B and LDL values. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid diffusion into the joint cavity, which largely depends on the degree of inflammation, may contribute to modulating local inflammatory processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2489284
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