Research on peptide classification problems has focused mainly on the study of different encodings and the application of several classification algorithms to achieve improved prediction accuracies. The main drawback of the literature is the lack of an extensive comparison among the available encoding methods on a wide range of classification problems. This paper addresses the fundamental issue of which peptide encoding promises the best results for machine learning classifiers. Two novel encoding methods based on physicochemical properties of the amino acids are proposed and an extensive comparison with several standard encoding methods is performed on three different classification problems (HIV-protease, recognition of T-cell epitopes and prediction of peptides that bind human leukocyte antigens). The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the new encodings and show that the frequently used orthonormal encoding is inferior compared to other methods.

A new encoding technique for peptide classification

NANNI, LORIS;
2011

Abstract

Research on peptide classification problems has focused mainly on the study of different encodings and the application of several classification algorithms to achieve improved prediction accuracies. The main drawback of the literature is the lack of an extensive comparison among the available encoding methods on a wide range of classification problems. This paper addresses the fundamental issue of which peptide encoding promises the best results for machine learning classifiers. Two novel encoding methods based on physicochemical properties of the amino acids are proposed and an extensive comparison with several standard encoding methods is performed on three different classification problems (HIV-protease, recognition of T-cell epitopes and prediction of peptides that bind human leukocyte antigens). The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the new encodings and show that the frequently used orthonormal encoding is inferior compared to other methods.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2489756
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