During the 1960s and 1970s, a magnificent cloud forest near San Francisco de Las Pampas (near Quito, Ecuador) was converted into dairy farm pastures. One endemic composite plant locally called marco yuyo and identified as Munnozia pinnatipartita, has been considered an undesirable weed by dairy farming campesino communities because it negatively affects the introduced grass pasture and is unsuitable as cattle feed. Concurrently, M. pinnatipartita has also been utilized for its herbicidal properties as a deterrent to grasses in a project promoting cloud forest recovery in the Otonga natural park. The peculiarity of this endemic composite utilized as such a deterrent attracted our interest. Accordingly, we investigated its taxonomy, physiology, ecology, and ethnobiology, and managed to demonstrate its potential allelopathic effect on germinating grasses in greenhouse trials. Furthermore, gas-chromatography of potential volatile metabolites identified 25 compounds and, among these, terpenes seem to be primarily responsible for the observed herbicidal effects.

Current views on fungal chitin/chitosan, human chitinases, food preservation, glucans, pectins and inulin: A tribute to Henri Braconnot, precursor of the carbohydrate polymers science, on the chitin bicentennial

MANNO, NICOLA;PAOLETTI, MAURIZIO
2012

Abstract

During the 1960s and 1970s, a magnificent cloud forest near San Francisco de Las Pampas (near Quito, Ecuador) was converted into dairy farm pastures. One endemic composite plant locally called marco yuyo and identified as Munnozia pinnatipartita, has been considered an undesirable weed by dairy farming campesino communities because it negatively affects the introduced grass pasture and is unsuitable as cattle feed. Concurrently, M. pinnatipartita has also been utilized for its herbicidal properties as a deterrent to grasses in a project promoting cloud forest recovery in the Otonga natural park. The peculiarity of this endemic composite utilized as such a deterrent attracted our interest. Accordingly, we investigated its taxonomy, physiology, ecology, and ethnobiology, and managed to demonstrate its potential allelopathic effect on germinating grasses in greenhouse trials. Furthermore, gas-chromatography of potential volatile metabolites identified 25 compounds and, among these, terpenes seem to be primarily responsible for the observed herbicidal effects.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2490031
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 602
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 542
social impact