Terminal cisternae (TC) of skeletal muscle represent the specialized compartment from which Ca2+ is released into the myoplasm after a propagated action potential. In this study we have investigated the morphology, protein composition, and Ca2+ release properties of TC isolated from rabbit gastrocnemius muscle 2 wk after nerve sectioning. Thin-section electron microscopy showed that TC vesicles from denervated muscle were enriched in calsequestrin (CS) and contained a larger fraction of the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), as judged by membrane profiles with morphologically intact feet structures. Accordingly, the yield of junctional SR from denervated muscle was twice that of control muscle, and the protein pattern of TC vesicles exhibited an increase in junctional protein components, e.g., CS and the 350-kDa protein. The larger content of the 350-kDa protein, or ryanodine receptor (F.A. Lai, H. Erickson, E. Rousseau, Q.-Y. Liu, and G. Meissner, Nature Lond. 331: 315-319, 1988; T. Imagawa, J. S. Smith, R. Coronado, and K. P. Campbell. J. Biol. Chem. 262: 10636-10643, 1987; L. Hymel, M. Inui, S. Fleischer, and H. Schindler, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:441-445, 1988) was paralleled by an increased binding site density (Bmax) for ryanodine binding in denervated muscle TC. The effects of ruthenium red, a Ca2+ release blocker, on Ca2+ loading rate and Ca2+-ATPase activity suggested that TC from denervated muscle were less permeable to Ca2+. After active Ca2+ loading, both doxorubicin and caffeine induced Ca2+ release from isolated TC, yet Ca2+ release rates were reduced in denervated muscle TC.(

Terminal cisternae of denervated rabbit skeletal muscle: alterations of functional properties of Ca2+ release channels.

VOLPE, POMPEO;DAMIANI, ERNESTO;MARGRETH, ALFREDO
1989

Abstract

Terminal cisternae (TC) of skeletal muscle represent the specialized compartment from which Ca2+ is released into the myoplasm after a propagated action potential. In this study we have investigated the morphology, protein composition, and Ca2+ release properties of TC isolated from rabbit gastrocnemius muscle 2 wk after nerve sectioning. Thin-section electron microscopy showed that TC vesicles from denervated muscle were enriched in calsequestrin (CS) and contained a larger fraction of the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), as judged by membrane profiles with morphologically intact feet structures. Accordingly, the yield of junctional SR from denervated muscle was twice that of control muscle, and the protein pattern of TC vesicles exhibited an increase in junctional protein components, e.g., CS and the 350-kDa protein. The larger content of the 350-kDa protein, or ryanodine receptor (F.A. Lai, H. Erickson, E. Rousseau, Q.-Y. Liu, and G. Meissner, Nature Lond. 331: 315-319, 1988; T. Imagawa, J. S. Smith, R. Coronado, and K. P. Campbell. J. Biol. Chem. 262: 10636-10643, 1987; L. Hymel, M. Inui, S. Fleischer, and H. Schindler, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:441-445, 1988) was paralleled by an increased binding site density (Bmax) for ryanodine binding in denervated muscle TC. The effects of ruthenium red, a Ca2+ release blocker, on Ca2+ loading rate and Ca2+-ATPase activity suggested that TC from denervated muscle were less permeable to Ca2+. After active Ca2+ loading, both doxorubicin and caffeine induced Ca2+ release from isolated TC, yet Ca2+ release rates were reduced in denervated muscle TC.(
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2490135
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