BACKGROUND: Patients infected with HIV-1 are at high risk of developing Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-related diseases. Chronic immune activation is a hallmark of HIV-1 pathogenesis and may play a role in B-cell stimulation and expansion of EBV-infected cells. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to define the relationship between parameters of immune activation and EBV load in HIV-1-infected subjects. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 156 HIV-1-infected patients were studied. EBV types 1 and 2 were quantified on peripheral blood mononuclear cells by multiplex real-time PCR. Plasma levels of cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were determined by immunoenzymatic assays. B-cell activation was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: EBV-DNA was detected in 114 patients, and in all but 3 was EBV type 1. The median [interquartile] EBV-DNA load was 43[1-151] copies/10(5) PBMC. EBV-DNA load was higher in patients with detectable HIV-1 plasma viremia, despite good immunological status (CD4>500 cells/μl), than in patients with undetectable HIV-1 plasma viremia regardless of immunological status (46[5-136] copies/10(5) cells vs 17[1-56] copies/10(5) cells, p=0.008). Patients with high EBV-DNA load (>median value) had higher levels of LPS and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α) than patients with low EBV load. Furthermore, percentages of activated B-cells correlated with EBV-DNA load (r(s)=0.754; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these findings indicate a strong association between HIV-1 viremia, markers of immune activation and EBV load and suggest that persistence of HIV-1 viremia and immune activation, regardless of peripheral CD4 cell depletion/repopulation, may favor expansion of EBV-infected cells and onset of EBV-related malignancies.

Epstein-Barr Virus load and immune activation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1-infected patients.

Cattelan AM;GIANESIN, KETTY;DE ROSSI, ANITA
2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients infected with HIV-1 are at high risk of developing Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-related diseases. Chronic immune activation is a hallmark of HIV-1 pathogenesis and may play a role in B-cell stimulation and expansion of EBV-infected cells. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to define the relationship between parameters of immune activation and EBV load in HIV-1-infected subjects. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 156 HIV-1-infected patients were studied. EBV types 1 and 2 were quantified on peripheral blood mononuclear cells by multiplex real-time PCR. Plasma levels of cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were determined by immunoenzymatic assays. B-cell activation was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: EBV-DNA was detected in 114 patients, and in all but 3 was EBV type 1. The median [interquartile] EBV-DNA load was 43[1-151] copies/10(5) PBMC. EBV-DNA load was higher in patients with detectable HIV-1 plasma viremia, despite good immunological status (CD4>500 cells/μl), than in patients with undetectable HIV-1 plasma viremia regardless of immunological status (46[5-136] copies/10(5) cells vs 17[1-56] copies/10(5) cells, p=0.008). Patients with high EBV-DNA load (>median value) had higher levels of LPS and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α) than patients with low EBV load. Furthermore, percentages of activated B-cells correlated with EBV-DNA load (r(s)=0.754; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these findings indicate a strong association between HIV-1 viremia, markers of immune activation and EBV load and suggest that persistence of HIV-1 viremia and immune activation, regardless of peripheral CD4 cell depletion/repopulation, may favor expansion of EBV-infected cells and onset of EBV-related malignancies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2490302
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