Abstract We studied 12 smokers' lungs with scanning electron microscopy in order to analyze the distribution and size of alveolar fenestrae and their relationship to the average distance between alveolar walls (Lm) and lung function. Alveolar fenestrae in areas near terminal airways (respiratory bronchioles and alveolar ducts) were consistently larger than fenestrae far from airways (alveoli). Fenestrae in near areas increased in size as Lm increased (r = 0.845, p less than 0.001), whereas no correlation between Lm and fenestrae size in far areas was found (r = 0.281, NS). The overall area of fenestrae (near and far) correlated significantly with FEV1 (r = -0.745, p less than 0.01), MMEF (r = -0.752, p less than 0.01), and PL90 (r = -0.804, p less than 0.05). However, when subdivided into near and far, only fenestrae near the small airways showed a significant correlation with function. These findings suggest that in smokers with mild to moderate emphysema, destruction affects preferentially the areas around the terminal airways (near areas), and these changes, although small, might play an important role in the lung function.

Alveolar fenestrae in smokers. Relationship with light microscopic and functional abnormalities.

SAETTA, MARINA;
1986

Abstract

Abstract We studied 12 smokers' lungs with scanning electron microscopy in order to analyze the distribution and size of alveolar fenestrae and their relationship to the average distance between alveolar walls (Lm) and lung function. Alveolar fenestrae in areas near terminal airways (respiratory bronchioles and alveolar ducts) were consistently larger than fenestrae far from airways (alveoli). Fenestrae in near areas increased in size as Lm increased (r = 0.845, p less than 0.001), whereas no correlation between Lm and fenestrae size in far areas was found (r = 0.281, NS). The overall area of fenestrae (near and far) correlated significantly with FEV1 (r = -0.745, p less than 0.01), MMEF (r = -0.752, p less than 0.01), and PL90 (r = -0.804, p less than 0.05). However, when subdivided into near and far, only fenestrae near the small airways showed a significant correlation with function. These findings suggest that in smokers with mild to moderate emphysema, destruction affects preferentially the areas around the terminal airways (near areas), and these changes, although small, might play an important role in the lung function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2497613
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