Abstract During passive inflation of the respiratory system, the rib cage (RC) expands because the pressure applied to it [approximately equal to abdominal pressure (Pab)] increases. Similar Pab-tidal volume (VT) relationships between passive and spontaneous inspirations would occur only if 1) Pab acts on RC equally in the two situations (no distortion) or 2) the extradiaphragmatic inspiratory muscles expand RC, compensating for distortion. In anesthetized adult rats and in sleeping human infants the passive relationships between VT and Pab or abdomen motion (AB) were constructed by occluding the airways during expiration. For a given Pab (or AB) in active breathing VT averaged 55% (rats) and 49% (infants) of the passive volume change. With phrenic stimulation in rats VT was only slightly less than during spontaneous breathing, indicating that, in the latter case, the respiratory system was essentially driven only by the diaphragm. In both species occasional breaths with large RC expansion occurred, and VT was then equal to or larger than the passive volume at iso-Pab. We conclude that 1) RC distortion decreases VT to approximately half of the passive value and 2) being on the relaxation curve reflects "compensated" distortion and not absence of it.

Mechanical aspects of chest wall distortion.

SAETTA, MARINA;
1985

Abstract

Abstract During passive inflation of the respiratory system, the rib cage (RC) expands because the pressure applied to it [approximately equal to abdominal pressure (Pab)] increases. Similar Pab-tidal volume (VT) relationships between passive and spontaneous inspirations would occur only if 1) Pab acts on RC equally in the two situations (no distortion) or 2) the extradiaphragmatic inspiratory muscles expand RC, compensating for distortion. In anesthetized adult rats and in sleeping human infants the passive relationships between VT and Pab or abdomen motion (AB) were constructed by occluding the airways during expiration. For a given Pab (or AB) in active breathing VT averaged 55% (rats) and 49% (infants) of the passive volume change. With phrenic stimulation in rats VT was only slightly less than during spontaneous breathing, indicating that, in the latter case, the respiratory system was essentially driven only by the diaphragm. In both species occasional breaths with large RC expansion occurred, and VT was then equal to or larger than the passive volume at iso-Pab. We conclude that 1) RC distortion decreases VT to approximately half of the passive value and 2) being on the relaxation curve reflects "compensated" distortion and not absence of it.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2497618
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