We asked to what extent pulmonary innervation influences the postnatal development of the lung. To this end we performed cervical vagotomy and sympathectomy either on the right or on the left side in young rats and rabbits and rats after weaning. One to four weeks later we examined the lungs of the denervated side, the contralateral intact side of the same animal, and sham-operated controls. Dry lung weight, lung volume and the size of subpleural alveoli were not different among the three groups. Lung mechanical properties (static and dynamic lung compliances, lung resistance, frequency dependence of compliance), measured in rabbits, were also not different among groups of lungs, suggesting that neither central nor peripheral airways were markedly affected by the denervation. The breathing pattern, measured in the rats after weaning, was characterized by a larger tidal volume in the denervated animals than in controls, as expected after the partial pulmonary afferent denervation. The absence of major structural and functional changes in the lungs of these animals suggests that an increase in the mechanical stretch to the lung above that normally occurring during resting breathing does not influence the lung structure. We conclude that pulmonary innervation does not play an important role in the postnatal development of the lung.

Postnatal development of the lung following denervation.

SAETTA, MARINA;
1987

Abstract

We asked to what extent pulmonary innervation influences the postnatal development of the lung. To this end we performed cervical vagotomy and sympathectomy either on the right or on the left side in young rats and rabbits and rats after weaning. One to four weeks later we examined the lungs of the denervated side, the contralateral intact side of the same animal, and sham-operated controls. Dry lung weight, lung volume and the size of subpleural alveoli were not different among the three groups. Lung mechanical properties (static and dynamic lung compliances, lung resistance, frequency dependence of compliance), measured in rabbits, were also not different among groups of lungs, suggesting that neither central nor peripheral airways were markedly affected by the denervation. The breathing pattern, measured in the rats after weaning, was characterized by a larger tidal volume in the denervated animals than in controls, as expected after the partial pulmonary afferent denervation. The absence of major structural and functional changes in the lungs of these animals suggests that an increase in the mechanical stretch to the lung above that normally occurring during resting breathing does not influence the lung structure. We conclude that pulmonary innervation does not play an important role in the postnatal development of the lung.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2497633
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