Calciosomes are intracellular organelles in HL-60 cells, neutrophils and various other cell types, characterized by their content of a Ca2+-binding protein that is biochemically and immunologically similar to calsequestrin (CS) from muscle cells. In subcellular fractionation studies the CS-like protein copurifies with functional markers of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) releasable Ca2+-store. These markers (ATP-dependent Ca2+-uptake and IP3-induced Ca2+-release) show a subcellular distribution which is clearly distinct from the endoplasmic reticulum and other organelles. In morphological studies, antibodies against rabbit skeletal muscle CS protein specifically stained hitherto unrecognized vesicles with a diameter between 50 and 250 nm. Thus both, biochemical and morphological studies indicate that the calsequestrin containing intracellular Ca2+-store, now referred to as the calciosome, is distinct from other known organelles such as endoplasmic reticulum. Calciosomes are likely to play an important role in intracellular Ca2+-homeostasis. They are possibly the intracellular target of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and thus the source of Ca2+ that is redistributed into the cytosol following surface receptor activation in non-muscle cells.

Calciosome, a sarcoplasmic reticulum-like organelle involved in intracellular Ca2+-handling by non-muscle cells: studies in human neutrophils and HL-60 cells.

VOLPE, POMPEO;POZZAN, TULLIO;
1989

Abstract

Calciosomes are intracellular organelles in HL-60 cells, neutrophils and various other cell types, characterized by their content of a Ca2+-binding protein that is biochemically and immunologically similar to calsequestrin (CS) from muscle cells. In subcellular fractionation studies the CS-like protein copurifies with functional markers of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) releasable Ca2+-store. These markers (ATP-dependent Ca2+-uptake and IP3-induced Ca2+-release) show a subcellular distribution which is clearly distinct from the endoplasmic reticulum and other organelles. In morphological studies, antibodies against rabbit skeletal muscle CS protein specifically stained hitherto unrecognized vesicles with a diameter between 50 and 250 nm. Thus both, biochemical and morphological studies indicate that the calsequestrin containing intracellular Ca2+-store, now referred to as the calciosome, is distinct from other known organelles such as endoplasmic reticulum. Calciosomes are likely to play an important role in intracellular Ca2+-homeostasis. They are possibly the intracellular target of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and thus the source of Ca2+ that is redistributed into the cytosol following surface receptor activation in non-muscle cells.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2499548
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 46
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 62
social impact