The pharmacokinetics of ampicillin and sulbactam administered in combination were studied in calves and sheep. The animals were administered an aqueous solution of ampicillin/sulbactam (2:1, w/w) intravenously and intramuscularly at doses of 13.2 and 6.6 mg.kg-1, respectively. A microbiological method was used to detect ampicillin, and HPLC was used to detect sulbactam in serum. Following intravenous (i.v.) administration, the distribution phases were rapid and similar (about 15 min) for both drugs in both species, whereas sulbactam in calves and ampicillin in sheep showed a faster elimination rate. After intramuscular (i.m.) administration both drugs showed peak concentrations higher in calves than in sheep; the peak time of sulbactam was shorter in calves than in sheep. No other significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of the combination were observed between the species after i.m. injection. The mean residence and absorption times, calculated by non-compartmental analysis, for both calves and sheep suggested that the differences in ampicillin and sulbactam pharmacokinetics could be attributable to the different molecular structures

Comparative pharmacokinetics of ampicillin-sulbactam combination in calves and sheep.

MONTESISSA, CLARA;
1994

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of ampicillin and sulbactam administered in combination were studied in calves and sheep. The animals were administered an aqueous solution of ampicillin/sulbactam (2:1, w/w) intravenously and intramuscularly at doses of 13.2 and 6.6 mg.kg-1, respectively. A microbiological method was used to detect ampicillin, and HPLC was used to detect sulbactam in serum. Following intravenous (i.v.) administration, the distribution phases were rapid and similar (about 15 min) for both drugs in both species, whereas sulbactam in calves and ampicillin in sheep showed a faster elimination rate. After intramuscular (i.m.) administration both drugs showed peak concentrations higher in calves than in sheep; the peak time of sulbactam was shorter in calves than in sheep. No other significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of the combination were observed between the species after i.m. injection. The mean residence and absorption times, calculated by non-compartmental analysis, for both calves and sheep suggested that the differences in ampicillin and sulbactam pharmacokinetics could be attributable to the different molecular structures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2500910
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