Introduction. A greater supply of tendinous tissue can be obtained through tissue engineering technology with increasing application of adult stem cells. It is well known that adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs), found in abundance in adipose tissue, have the same differentiating capacity as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) yet have the advantage of being easily isolated. In the present study, we combined the great facility of ADSCs to differentiate with the application of an external mechanical stimulus to successfully create an in vitro reconstructed tendon like structure with a microcapillary network. Materials and methods. Hyalonect® meshes were used as scaffold. Human ADSCs were seeded onto the biomaterials, and the cell/scaffold constructs were cultured under mechanical stress for up to 15 days. Human tenocytes were used in the same conditions as control. Performance were assessed by histology, immunochemistry, ultrastructure, and biomolecular analysis. Results. ADSCs seeded onto Hyalonect® adhered and differentiated along the entire surface of the biomaterial and began to infiltrate within its structure. Subsequently, endothelial cells migrated, forming capillary in the new extracellular matrix. Conclusions. This technique allowed for the creation of a vascularized tendon equivalent that could easily be detached from the bioreactor, thus facilitating its implant at the lesion site. These results highlight biological performance of biodegradable hyaluronic acid-based (HYAFF-11) scaffolds, which were shown to be suitable for deposition of the autologous extracellular matrix critical for ADSCs differentiation.

Preliminary report of in vitro reconstruction of a vascularised tendon-like structure: a novel application for adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs)

VINDIGNI, VINCENZO;ABATANGELO, GIOVANNI;CORTIVO, ROBERTA;ZAVAN, BARBARA;BASSETTO, FRANCO
2013

Abstract

Introduction. A greater supply of tendinous tissue can be obtained through tissue engineering technology with increasing application of adult stem cells. It is well known that adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs), found in abundance in adipose tissue, have the same differentiating capacity as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) yet have the advantage of being easily isolated. In the present study, we combined the great facility of ADSCs to differentiate with the application of an external mechanical stimulus to successfully create an in vitro reconstructed tendon like structure with a microcapillary network. Materials and methods. Hyalonect® meshes were used as scaffold. Human ADSCs were seeded onto the biomaterials, and the cell/scaffold constructs were cultured under mechanical stress for up to 15 days. Human tenocytes were used in the same conditions as control. Performance were assessed by histology, immunochemistry, ultrastructure, and biomolecular analysis. Results. ADSCs seeded onto Hyalonect® adhered and differentiated along the entire surface of the biomaterial and began to infiltrate within its structure. Subsequently, endothelial cells migrated, forming capillary in the new extracellular matrix. Conclusions. This technique allowed for the creation of a vascularized tendon equivalent that could easily be detached from the bioreactor, thus facilitating its implant at the lesion site. These results highlight biological performance of biodegradable hyaluronic acid-based (HYAFF-11) scaffolds, which were shown to be suitable for deposition of the autologous extracellular matrix critical for ADSCs differentiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2501002
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