This study aimed to identify the factors associated with the development of gastric precancerous changes, in a prospective series of patients undergoing endoscopy. Risk factors and associated mucosal changes were evaluated in 134 endoscoped patients affected by chronic non-atrophic (n = 76) or atrophic gastritis (CAG) (n = 32), with or without intestinal metaplasia (IM), or lacking any major histological changes (n = 26). The following variables were taken into account: age, alcohol consumption, smoking habit, vitamin C intake (using a questionnaire), gastric juice vitamin C (HPLC on gastric juice samples obtained at endoscopy), H. pylori infection, gastric mucosa malondialdehyde (MDA; a measure of free radical production) and extent of CAG in gastric biopsies (only for IM). Tissue MDA levels were significantly higher, and vitamin C levels significantly lower in CAG and IM patients (P = 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed significant correlations for: CAG vs age (P < 0.02), MDA (< 0.02) and gastric vitamin C (< 0.05); IM vs age (P < 0.0005), CAG (< 0.0005) and MDA (< 0.001). Using stepwise discrimination analysis, the independent variables included in the model were: for CAG, age (P < 0.003), MDA (< 0.05), gastric juice vitamin C (< 0.05); for IM, CAG (P < 0.0005), age (< 0.001), MDA (< 0.03) and vitamin C intake (< 0.05). H. pylori was not included. The major determinants for CAG and IM were age, free radical production (as measured by MDA), vitamin C (for CAG) and vitamin C intake and CAG (for IM). Although it is instrumental in the development of gastritis, H. pylori infection requires major cofactors for precancerous changes to develop.

Determinants for the development of chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia in the stomach.

FARINATI, FABIO;CARDIN, ROMILDA;RUGGE, MASSIMO;PLEBANI, MARIO;
1995

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the factors associated with the development of gastric precancerous changes, in a prospective series of patients undergoing endoscopy. Risk factors and associated mucosal changes were evaluated in 134 endoscoped patients affected by chronic non-atrophic (n = 76) or atrophic gastritis (CAG) (n = 32), with or without intestinal metaplasia (IM), or lacking any major histological changes (n = 26). The following variables were taken into account: age, alcohol consumption, smoking habit, vitamin C intake (using a questionnaire), gastric juice vitamin C (HPLC on gastric juice samples obtained at endoscopy), H. pylori infection, gastric mucosa malondialdehyde (MDA; a measure of free radical production) and extent of CAG in gastric biopsies (only for IM). Tissue MDA levels were significantly higher, and vitamin C levels significantly lower in CAG and IM patients (P = 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed significant correlations for: CAG vs age (P < 0.02), MDA (< 0.02) and gastric vitamin C (< 0.05); IM vs age (P < 0.0005), CAG (< 0.0005) and MDA (< 0.001). Using stepwise discrimination analysis, the independent variables included in the model were: for CAG, age (P < 0.003), MDA (< 0.05), gastric juice vitamin C (< 0.05); for IM, CAG (P < 0.0005), age (< 0.001), MDA (< 0.03) and vitamin C intake (< 0.05). H. pylori was not included. The major determinants for CAG and IM were age, free radical production (as measured by MDA), vitamin C (for CAG) and vitamin C intake and CAG (for IM). Although it is instrumental in the development of gastritis, H. pylori infection requires major cofactors for precancerous changes to develop.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2501424
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