Hamster kidney cells were transformed, with comparable efficiency, by circular or linear molecules of complete BK virus (BKV) genome and by agarose gel-purified fragments of BKV DNA obtained by single or double digestions with various restriction endonucleases. Only fragments containing the complete early region of BKV DNA displayed transforming activity. Analysis by blot hybridization of the arrangement of viral DNA sequences in a cloned cell line transformed by a 3.8-kilobase fragment, obtained after sequential digestion of BKV DNA with HhaI and BamHI, showed the presence of seven viral integrations into the cellular DNA. Apparently all of the integrated viral molecules contained the entire early region of BKV DNA. Large T antigen, small t antigen, and the 56,000-dalton nonviral Tau antigen were detected in transformed cells by immunoprecipitation. The pattern of integration of viral sequences in transformed cells was constant over many generations. Likewise, large T antigen was always detected in transformed cells at various passage levels. These results may suggest that all of the sequences of the early region coding for large T antigen are required for transformation by BKV. Alternatively, subgenomic segments of the BKV DNA early region may be unable to transform because the appropriate polyadenylation site, necessary to obtain a complete functional transcriptional unit, is removed by the restriction enzyme cleavage.

Transformation of hamster kidney cells by fragments of BK virus DNA.

CAPUTO, ANTONELLA;
1982

Abstract

Hamster kidney cells were transformed, with comparable efficiency, by circular or linear molecules of complete BK virus (BKV) genome and by agarose gel-purified fragments of BKV DNA obtained by single or double digestions with various restriction endonucleases. Only fragments containing the complete early region of BKV DNA displayed transforming activity. Analysis by blot hybridization of the arrangement of viral DNA sequences in a cloned cell line transformed by a 3.8-kilobase fragment, obtained after sequential digestion of BKV DNA with HhaI and BamHI, showed the presence of seven viral integrations into the cellular DNA. Apparently all of the integrated viral molecules contained the entire early region of BKV DNA. Large T antigen, small t antigen, and the 56,000-dalton nonviral Tau antigen were detected in transformed cells by immunoprecipitation. The pattern of integration of viral sequences in transformed cells was constant over many generations. Likewise, large T antigen was always detected in transformed cells at various passage levels. These results may suggest that all of the sequences of the early region coding for large T antigen are required for transformation by BKV. Alternatively, subgenomic segments of the BKV DNA early region may be unable to transform because the appropriate polyadenylation site, necessary to obtain a complete functional transcriptional unit, is removed by the restriction enzyme cleavage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2502232
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